Watson's Theory Of Behaviorism

893 Words 4 Pages
How does Baum define ‘behaviorism’ and how is this different from a science of behavior?
Baum defines “behaviorism” as a philosophy of science. Behaviorism is different from a science of behavior because it is a set of ideas about the science of behavior analysis, but itself is not a science.

Historically, what distinguishes science from philosophy?
Historically, science is distinguished from philosophy due to the origins in which they were both created and implemented. Philosophy is based on assumptions and conclusions that are not able to be empirically determined. These conclusions are often made in the context of phenomena and religion. Furthermore, science is directly observing the phenomena in order to make reliable conclusions about
…show more content…
10 were similar because they both displayed Watson’s intense discontent in the understanding of behavior based on unreliable methods and irrelevant subject matter. However, the two quotes differ because the quote regarding introspection is related to lack of training and interrater reliability issues while the second quote is related to hypothetical mental processes and the irrelevant focus on consciousness.

What were the problems with Watson’s behaviorism? How did Skinner address these problems?
The problems with Watson’s behaviorism were related to the struggle in defining his scientific explanatory terms. Skinner addressed these problems by developing the terms Watson created in order to prove the true meaning of these words via science.

What are free will and determinism? How have some tried to make them compatible?
Free will is the power people have to make their own choices and determine their own actions. Determinism is related to the world being a scientific ally and orderly place. Dennett tried to make them compatible because free will being defined as deliberation could be considered a behavior that ultimately could be explained by heredity and past environment. Hebb also attempted to make them compatible by showing a dependent relationship between free will on inheritance and past environmental history. However, this regards free will as simply a

Related Documents