Essay on Water Crisis in Afghanistan
It makes up approximately 70 percent of the Earth that we inhabit. You may find yourself “up to the neck in it” at any given point, seeing as humans can be composed almost entirely of it. Water is all around us, and is essential to the ongoing cycle of life. Although water may seem abundant throughout the Earth and atmosphere; the amount of clean, useable water is an everyday crisis for some of the drought stricken, less fortunate countries. While the Oceans hold roughly 97% of the water on Earth, making it saline, humans are left to raise weapons over the mere 3% we have to use as fresh water. From that 3%, about 70% of that is frozen in the glaciers and ice caps, making it out of commission too (Fig. 1). It …show more content…
To start, three decades of warfare has severely damaged the water infrastructure that provides irrigation water, as well as water to the people for consumption. Warfare can destroy just about anything in its path, with violent explosions and gunfire. The water infrastructure in Afghanistan was ruthlessly battered in the events of the war. Water mains exploding, as well as holes and cracks in the piping lead to major leaks and contamination. The use of landmines was attributed to most of the damage done to the infrastructure. Landmines not only disrupt the irrigation systems by destroying them, but also render the land around the explosions infertile. All the while, the public has to face the hardships because there is no way to repair the damages while warfare is present.
Currently, only 30% of the arable land used for agriculture is receiving sufficient amounts of water to grow their crops. With agriculture contributing to 50% of the nations GDP, supplying the majority of exports and employing 85% of the workforce, Afghanistan cannot afford to be wasting or contaminating its water supply. In relation, the Afghan people rely heavily on the rivers and canals to distribute water. Right off the bat, these infiltration systems were deficiently engineered. The majority of Afghanistan’s water flows down from the Hindu Kush Mountains via rivers and waterways. The water