Wason Selection Tasks

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Wason Selection tasks
What if there are 4 cards on the table: A, K, 2 and 7. On one side of the card there is a number and on the other a letter. You have to decide which cards to turn in order to determine if the following statement is false: If a card has a vowel on one side, then it has an even number on the other side. This is called the Wason Selection task a famous reasoning puzzle (Dawson, Gilovich, Regan, 2002). The answer to this problem is cards A and 7 instead of the most commonly chosen cards A and 2. Yet, many scholars are incapable of solving it due to reasoning fallacies.
Research on motivation and emotion
When the task is presented in a different context, studies have proven our minds are capable of solving it using logical
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Testing this could potentially prove that the emotional connection approach is effective in different reasoning tasks. This could even go beyond syllogisms and the Wason tasks and help us with decision-making in everyday life. Furthermore, is it essential to compare the emotional approach against another technique, such as the motivation method, in order to study its effectiveness. When researching this the theoretical gap could be filled in by asking: To what extent does the specific emotional involvement technique improve the Wason selection task and if so, does this technique provide better results than the motivation approach? The expected hypothesis for this question is: Specific emotional involvement will improve the Wason task because this technique has proven to enhance other reasoning problems as well based on the research of I. Blanchette and M. Campbell. For the comparison part, a hypothesis cannot be established because this theory has never been evaluated before. Therefore, there is no way of knowing how effective the emotional technique would be compared to the motivation …show more content…
One will only focus on the emotional approach confirming if it is applicable to the Wason selection task and the other would focus on testing its effectiveness by comparing it to the motivation technique. For test one, the design would include two groups of people, one emotionally involved with the same topic, such as, sexual abuse, and the other consisting of a neutral group of people. They would both receive five neutral versions and five specific emotional versions of the Wason selection task in a random order and have to try to solve them without additional information about the reasoning task. A neutral version would be: falsify: If there is a shower on one side of the card, then there is shampoo bottle on the other side of the card, with the cards: Shower, No Shower, Shampoo, No Shampoo. The correct solution would be to turn Shower and No Shampoo. An emotional version would be: falsify: If there is a person on one side of the card, then he/she is a sex offender as presented on the other side of the card, with the cards: Person, None person, Sex offender, Not a sex offender. For this, the correct solution would be to turn the cards person and Not a sex offender. Ideally, the specific emotional versions would have a higher rate of correct answers for the emotionally involved group than the neutral versions and the neutral group, as hypothesized

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