Visuality: Renaissance And Renaissance

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Essay Question
Visuality (Renaissance and Baroque)
The design of St Peter’s cathedral in Rome underwent a significant evolution from the time it was begun by Bramante at the beginning of the 16th century to the construction of Bernini’s monumental colonnades and oval piazza in front of the cathedral in the middle of the 17th century. During this time a series of significant architects oversaw the evolution of its design in a changing religious context. Maderno’s façade epitomized a key idea of the Renaissance that perspective was a means to transfer the ideal to the real. While Bernini’s curved colonnade created a scenographic spectacle intended to heighten the experience of arrival and reinforce the authority of the church. Discuss the evolution
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The reform lead by humanists taught society practical knowledge such as history, art and geometry
• (Numerous online resources have stated and supported each other with similar information. However, credible sources have not been found at this time to support this point.) o Educational reform influenced the architectural style of the Renaissance period
 Regular forms, straight lines, circle and the Greek Cross were the key elements
 Large emphasis on symmetry and proportions. Thus circle and the Greek Cross was preferred.
• (Blunt, Anthony. Baroque & Rococo architecture & decoration. Great Britain: Paul Elek Limited, 1978.)
• (Wolfflin, Heinrich. Renaissance and Baroque. United States of America: Cornell University Press, 1967.)
• (“High Renaissance.” Rice University. N.A. http://www.ruf.rice.edu/~fellows/hart206/hiren.htm)
 Example: Bramante’s initial idea for St. Peter’s Basilica reflected the key elements
 Example: Maderno’s facade reflects the idealistic form of Renaissance building
• (Kitao, Timothy. Circle and Oval in the Square of St Peter’s. New York: New York University Press,
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However, other credible sources have not been found at this time to support the example.)

Body: Analysis
- Analysis o Society and the religious authority of the church significantly influences the architecture of that time o The three separate reformations in the Renaissance and Baroque era had contributed to the architectural style of the era. The styles evolve to directly respond to the issue and are a way of representing the preferred view within the church.
- Historical significance for architecture o St. Peter’s Basilica/Square shows how the world changes and responds to religious issues in an architectural sense. o An outstanding example of the combination between Renaissance architecture and Baroque architecture as well as the joint work of many architects
- Questions raise o Why was society inclined to be more emotionally invested and swayed in a situation if the architectural style lends itself to it? o Shouldn’t one be fully connected with Christ through their own emotional/personal connection, no matter where they are? o Why was there a need to build grand structures to convey their beliefs? Why not have minimalistic structures and have the sole purpose of that building is on the beliefs of the

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