Urinary Tract Infection

Urinary Tract Infections “About 50% of women and 12% of men will have a urinary tract infection (UTI) at some time in their lives” (Richards, 2008).UTIs are the second particular type of infection. The bladder contains urine that is sterile. The urinary system compromise of the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra. The urinary system removes filtered liquid waste and urine. UTIs can occurs any area along the urinary tract. UTIs can be classified as lower and upper depending on the area of the infection. The upper urinary infection can occur in the kidney (pyelonephritis) and the ureters. In the lower urinary, infection can occur in the bladder (cystitis), urethra (urethritis) and prostate (prostatitis). In the kidneys and ureters urinary …show more content…
UTIs are the results of bacteria that entering the urethra from surrounding skin especial by the anus. The common type of bacterium is Eschericia coli found in faeces. Other contributing factors of UTIs are Staphylococcus, Enterococcus, proteus, Klebsiella and occasionally Candida abicans (yeast). Infection enters the urinary system through the urethra of the man’s penile opening and through the women’s urethra at the Vulva area. Women are more susceptible to UTIs because of shorter urethra as oppose to men with longer urethra. “Nearly 1 in 20 boys and 1 in 10 girls have had at least one urine infection by the time they are 16 years old” (Richards, 2008). In infant or premature babies born with abnormal urinary pathway can present a back flow of urine and delay emptying resulting UTIs. The urinary systems is intended to keep out microscopic invaders but occasionally …show more content…
“Symptoms in infants are nonspecific and include high fever, poor feeding and vomiting” (Medicine-Society, 2012). A history of the person signs and symptoms is where the practitioner starts. The person with UTI, a urine sample is analyzing for increase white blood cell count with aseptic technique in midstream. Positive UTI can be followed by urine culture. “Infections are diagnosed by urine culture of specific microorganism with counts of 10,000/ml or more from freshly voided urine” (Huether & McCance, 2012, P.748). X-ray, ultrasound, or cystoscopy for repeated UTI with no response to treatment. A CT-scan, or MRI for possible obstruction in urine flow. Treatment with oral or I.V. antibiotics depending on location and the patient physical discomfort. Pain medication might be prescribe for pain discomfort. As a practitioner, encourage plenty of fluids to flush the bladder. Practice good hygiene after using the bathroom (wipe from front to back). Empty the bladder as needed. Urinate after sexual activity to flush any bacteria that might have possible when into urinary tract. Wear cotton under, avoid irritating feminine products and for males clean around

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