Urban Psychology: Socioeconomic Status And Pre-K And Child Developments

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Although socioeconomic status and pre-K involvement both clearly correlate to kindergarten readiness in urban areas and particularly within Memphis, there are other, larger urban processes at work within the setting of urban Memphis. One of these processes is urban psychology. Urban psychology relates the interactions of the people to their surroundings and how these interactions shape the children. These surroundings for a pre-kindergarten child can include the home environment, which has already been described as extremely stress and even potentially toxic for lower SES families by Katy Spurlock, and the pre-K or daycare environment (2015). Most authors, including Burchinal et al., focus much more on the pre-K and daycare environment as …show more content…
Urban sociology can be used to understand the interactions between individuals from parents to their children to their teachers all the way to groups placing interventions in the area to solve the issue. As Connell reports, children whose parents provided a structured environment that contain direct, focused interactions with their children, such as reading and encouragement, performed better on kindergarten assessments testing for cognitive, social, and communicative skills (2002). These findings suggest that the parent to child interaction is key to the preparedness of a child for entering school, especially those interactions which are structured and responsive to the child’s needs. Additionally, Spurlock mentioned that while pre-K is the best intervention for kindergarten readiness, reaching parents and other caregivers with curriculum such as “Touch, Talk, Read, Play” is the main goal of The Urban Child Institute (2015). “Touch, Talk, Read, Play” (TTRP) exists as a program that teaches parents how to interact with their children in order to promote positive brain development within the critical years of zero to the age of five (TUCI, 2011). Spurlock states that TUCI focuses on the sociological role within the urban environment through particularly the role of the parents along with other child-care providers due to the fact that this is the most difficult thing to change; the stressful and toxic environment within the low SES family’s home (2015). Therefore, if TTRP can be successfully implemented within homes, particularly those with a low SES, then, based on the findings of Connell (2002), the levels of kindergarten preparedness in children should exhibit a significant increase due to stronger parent and caregiver interactions with their

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