U.s. And China Relations Essay

1250 Words Dec 12th, 2016 5 Pages
Taiwan, U.S., and China Relations
A myriad of elemental factors have affected, and continue to affect, Sino-American relations. One factor, which has played a role in developing the complex relationship between the United States and China, is Taiwan. The purpose of this essay is to contrast the United States’ ever-changing stance on the “One-China” framework, against mainland China’s solid vision of its “One-China” principle. The observation of United States’ flailing stance on the issue of Taiwan, is notable when analyzing United States’ former leaders’ responses to the Taiwan-China dilemma. Starting with Truman, followed by: Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson, Nixon, Carter, Reagan, H.W. Bush, Clinton, Bush, and Obama. On the other hand, China’s vision to uphold the “One-China” principle, as a means to maintain control over Taiwan, has remained static throughout.
To contextualize, during the civil war which was fought between Kuomintang (KMT) and China’s Communist Party (CCP), the United States upheld Chiang Kai-Shek’s Kuomintang as the official government of China. To enforce this, the United States intervened through its Marshall Mission. The goal of the operation: to unite the KMT and CCP under one government, ruled by KMT. Long story short, the plan failed, the civil war between the two persisted, and the CCP eventually got the upper hand. The Marshall Mission was understood to be a huge loss for the United States, because it had essentially lost China to communism, what…

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