Treaty of Versailles Igcse Notes Essay

1315 Words Feb 28th, 2013 6 Pages
TREATY OF VERSAILLES

a)Which terms of the peace settlement of 1919 directly affected France?
-France gained territory such as Alsace Lorraine and the Saarland (which were important industrial areas)
-Also, german colonies become mandates ruled by the League of Nations and France would be able to make use of them.
-The league of nations menat that France’s safety would concern other countries as it woul act as an international police force.
-France’s safety was assured by the terms of the treaty as germany would be economically weak due to 6600 million pounds being imposed as reparations. Furthermore its army had been greatly reduced and a natural border(The demilitarised Rhineland) had been imposed between France and Germany.
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This would mean that it would be never be strong enough to invade France again. France had suffered the most in WW1 and its land and industry had been greatly damaged. Clemenceau wanted Alsace-Lorraine back and and independant Rhineland in order to guarantee France’s safety and rebuild its industry. On the other hand, Lloyd George wanted Germany to be punished but not to harshly as he agreed with Wilson that a exceedingly hard Treaty would lead to a future revenge from germany and the start of another war. Lloyd George wanted Germany to loose its navy and its colonies because he thought they were a threat to the british empire. He didn't want to weaken germany’s economy too much because he wanted Britain to continue to trade with it, as it had done before the war. Both leaders were greatly pressured by public opinion at home in 1919, making them promise to create a Harsh treaty.
b)Why did the aims of the Big Three differ at Versailles?
Clemenceau resented Wilson’s more generous attitude towards the treaty as the USA had not suffered as much as France. No fighting had taken place on USA territory. Furthermore, they disagreed over what to do with Germany’s Rhineland and coalfields in the Saar. Wilson’s 14 points seemed too idealistic to the other two leaders and they only gave in to the idea of self-determination in east Europe once Wilson had agreed on the issues concerning the

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