Trait Based Approach To Leadership Analysis

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As an important role in organization, leadership is the ability to influence employees to voluntarily pursue organizational goals (Kinicki, Scott-Ladd, Perry, & Williams, 2015, p.430). Trait based approach to leadership is a relatively early theory that provides us a simple idea to identify different traits of effective and successful leadership and exert those traits for future. Thus it is closely tied to the “great man” theory of leadership proposed by Thomas Carlyle (Cherry, 2016). Steve Jobs, the co-founder of Apple. Inc., will be used in this essay to interpret trait based approach to leadership (Kaufman, 2014). On the other hand, transformational leadership first introduced by James V. Downton in 1973 gives people inspiration to achieve …show more content…
Traits are the distinguishing personal characteristics of a leader, such as intelligence, honesty, self-confidence and even appearance (Samson & Daft, 2014, p.612). Trait approaches to leadership is defined as attempt to identify distinctive characteristics that account for the effectiveness of leaders (Kinicki, Scott-Ladd, Perry, & Williams, 2015, p.436). There are lots of desirable traits for a leader, such as positive, passionate, toughness, influencing people and so on. According to Zaccaro, combinations of traits and attributes, integrated in conceptually meaningful ways, are more likely to predict leadership than additive or independent contributions of several single traits (2007). Nonetheless, trait based approach to leadership has weakness as it does not interpret the difference of situation. Those personality variables that many believe to be common to good leaders such as perseverance and mental strength are precursors to effective leadership, but do not always predict it. For example, an effective leader in short term financial planning may not necessarily be an effective leader in long-term financial planning (Patrulescu, 2009, …show more content…
is one of the most innovative and successful companies in the world. The success of the company attributes to the founder Steve Jobs. When he was in high school, Jobs found electronics was an interesting field. After attending lectures conducted by the Hewlett Packard Company (HP) and audited classes at Reed College, his appetite of the electronics field grew bigger. A few years later, Jobs and his friend, Steve Wozniak founded and later built Apple into a 32 billion dollar company (Finkle & Mallin, 2016). The technology empire cannot be built in a day. Steve Jobs was always on the hunt for talent in unique ways, like accepting invitations to lecture at universities so he could scout potential employees. Moreover, he personally interviewed over 5,000 applicants during his lifetime, managing all the hiring for his team (Kaufman, 2014). From the story, we can see Steve Jobs embodied the traits of intelligence, passion, influencing people, an eye for talent and so on. His intelligence and passion led him into electronic field and built Apple Inc. The ability of influencing people kept the company flourishing. His eye for talent makes sure he surrounded himself with other great minds. Though trait based approach to leadership, people know Steve Jobs’ traits can be exerted for success

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