Thyroidectomy Research Paper
Running Head: Thyroidectomy
American Career College
Thyroidectomy is the surgical procedure for removal of thyroid.
The patient can be effect with Goiter, Thyroiditis, Hyperthyroidism, Graves disease, Thyroid nodule, Thyroid storm and thyroid cancer. These can effects patient’s metabolism and cause nervousness, restlessness, emotional liability, fast speech, tachycardia, arrhythmias, dyspnea, hoarseness, signs of tracheal or esophageal compressions, swallowing and breathing problem, increase of total cholesterol level, slowed mental functioning, pain, numbness and tingling by the area of nerve damage and in children …show more content…
Thyroid hormones effect every cell and all the organs of the body. Too much thyroid hormones speed everything up and too little thyroid hormone slow things down. The pituitary gland and the thyroid gland work together. The pituitary gland (located near the base of the brain) makes, stores, and releases thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). When TSH is secreted by the pituitary gland, it causes the thyroid gland to release more T3 and T4. A high TSH level means there isn't enough thyroid hormone, and a low TSH level means there is too much. PTH (parathyroid hormone) is made by the parathyroid glands, which are four pea-sized glands that lie behind the thyroid gland. If the blood calcium level is too low, the parathyroid glands release more PTH. This causes the bones to release more calcium into the blood and reduces the amount of calcium released by the kidneys into the urine. Also, vitamin D is converted to a more active form, causing the intestines to absorb more calcium and phosphorus. If the calcium level is too high, the parathyroid glands release less PTH, and the whole process is reversed. PTH levels that are too high or too low can cause problems with the kidneys and bones and cause changes in calcium and vitamin D …show more content…
Also it is used to remove all part of goiter which causing the enlargement of thyroid gland will passes to neighbor structures in neck. It also may cause Thyroid storm which is a rare form of hyperthyroidism in which extremely high thyroid hormone levels cause severe illness. Thyroid nodule can cause thyroidectomy. Cancer and thyroiditis may need to be treated by thyroidectomy. The surgeon using couple test to diagnose the thyroid. These test include: Anti-TPO antibodies, Thyroid ultra sound, Thyroid scan, Thyroid biopsy, Blood test to check T3 and T4 hormones, CT scans, PET Scam and MRI scan can help identify the extent of spread. Once the patient advises of the diagnosis she or he schedule for surgery. The patient signs all necessary documentations and the surgeon explains any procedure and concerns the patient might have. The patient transport to pre-op lab and all the test perform before surgery. If requested the surgeon may give anxiety medication to