Informative Speech On Thyroid Cancer

1317 Words 6 Pages
There is good and bad news about getting Thyroid cancer, the bad news is that it’s cancer, and cancer sucks, the good news is that most thyroid cancer can be treated successfully. My goal in righting this paper is to educate my reader and anyone else out there who wants to know just a little bit more about Thyroid cancer. I want to teach the reader what Thyroid cancer can do to the body and how they can go about treating it. Let’s start out with what is Thyroid cancer? Thyroid cancer is mainly focused in the thyroid glands. Follicular cells make thyroid hormones, you don’t want to have too much or too little thyroid hormones. C cells make calcitonin which regulates how the body uses calcium. Most tumors are benign, meaning non-cancerous …show more content…
The exact cause and carcinogens of Thyroid cancer are not known yet and may not ever be known because it can come from a wide variety of different things so scientist can’t quite point their finger at one thing as the cause. However, they do know most of the things that Thyroid cancer can come from, such as changes in DNA. This cause can be related to the cell cycle because the cell cycle is where DNA is replicated and there are a countless number of mistakes that could have been made in replicating the DNA. Another suspected cause is that there are two types of genes that can either make cells live longer than they are supposed to, or there are genes that make cells die at the right time. In Thyroid cancer, genes that make cells live longer than they are supposed to, called oncogenes, are turned on. Genes that make cells die at the right time, called tumor suppressor genes, are turned off. This can and will mess with the amount of cells you have in your body (American Caner …show more content…
Those risk factors include, being a women, women in their 40’s/50’s, men in their 60’s/70’s, not enough iodine in your body, and exposure to radiation. There are several different ways you can go about diagnosing Thyroid cancer. One is just from medical history and a physical exam because like I mentioned earlier the disease can be genetic. The real diagnosis takes place with a biopsy. Imagery tests are also used to detect any cancer and/or see if it has spread. These imagery tests can include ultrasound, radioiodine scans, chest x-rays, computed tomography (CT) scans, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans, and positron emission tomography (PET) scans. Another way to tell is to take a blood test. They can detect Thyroid-simulating hormones, T3 and T4 (thyroid hormones), thyroglobulin, calcitonin, and carcinoembryonic antigens (CEA). There is however a slight setback from taking a blood test. Blood tests will tell if the Thyroid is working correctly, however, it will not tell if the Thyroid is cancerous or not. A patient may also get vocal cord exams. The staging of Thyroid cancer is based on the diagnosis. It gives the patient a letter, T, N, or M followed by a number 1-4. The letter T will tell the size of the tumor, N will say if it spread to the nodes, and M says if it spread to other organs. The number given, 1-4, will tell how severe it is, 4 being the most severe. It will be classified

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