Three Elements Of Carbohydrates: Glycogen, And Protein

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Carbohydrates are the molecular compounds that are made of three elements that include hydrogen, carbon, and oxygen (Baxter 10). The glucose and the sucrose are essential but are comparatively small molecules with RNA, DNA, glycoproteins, glycolipids, and ATP as other molecules. Carbohydrates are called the sugars in many cases, which provide a source of energy for the body cells, for instance, glucose and starch. The giant carbohydrates are building block, for instance, glycogen and cellulose. Caputo says that “When fat is used as fuel, as it is on a low-carbohydrate diet, it gets mobilized. It does not accumulate, so weight and cholesterol drop” (p12). He says that the approach to low carb diet regulates body sugar, burn off excess fats …show more content…
This is the most diverse group of important substances that are considered essential compounds in life. The enzymes and antibodies, muscles and skin, as well as, hormones are made of proteins, which are involved in respiration, digestion, reproduction, and normal vision. The structure of a protein is made of three-dimensional protein molecules. The first level is made of a linear arrangement of amino acids that creates the peptide chain. The second level is the hydrogen bonds that creates the pleated sheet or alpha helix, which is a coiled or spiral molecule (Mandal 65). The last level describes the overall structure of proteins, which are thin and …show more content…
However, they are essential in the regulation of the body and metabolic pathways (Finch 23). Human body have at least 50 elements, with half of them found to be essential. These essential mineral elements include calcium, iron, chloride ions, magnesium, iodine, zinc, copper, sodium, cobalt, phosphorus, fluorine, manganese, and potassium. It should be noted that vitamins are critical organic compounds that can’t manufacture; hence, should be available in the diet (Pfannhauser 28). Important metabolic activity in vitamins include Vitamin A, Pantothenic Acid, B2, and Niacin

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