Theory, Glassers. S Goal Centered Theory And Glasser's Assertive Discipline

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This essay will focus on three classroom management theories: Dreikurs’s Goal Centered Theory, Glasser’s Choice Theory and Canter’s Assertive Discipline. The three theories will be defined, important principles discussed and the differences and similarities identified between each one. Each theory will also have their strengths and weaknesses critiqued, which will help the development of a personal classroom management plan that is meaningful and effective and form the basis of a professional teaching philosophy (Lyons, Ford, & Slee, 2014).

Rudolph Dreikurs’ Goal Centered Theory focuses on a student’s lack of belonging in a social setting as the primary result of classroom misbehavior and that behaviour is a choice within ourselves (Dreikurs,
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Using this approach requires a student to have a sense of safety when attending school. Eliminating or minimizing fear and coercion is needed for students to be inspired learners with positive behaviour (Erwin, 2004). Glasser believed that we all live for a quality world and we place people and possessions high up in this quality world, which in an education context, for children to exert positive behaviours, the environment must be safe, with a sense of freedom, learning and belonging (Lyons, Ford & Slee, 2014). People are of the most important in our quality world as human nature makes us care for others (Glasser, 1997). This willingness to feel care for others forms the basis of Glasser’s Choice Theory. This in lies the role of the teacher. The use of Glasser’s Choice Theory is very student focused. It is more the role of a teacher to be a guide. Student behaviour is not controlled by the teacher, rather, how a teacher guides them that promotes learning (Mundschenk, Miner & Nastally, 2011). This approach positively enables co-operative collaboration in learning, assessing and how content will be taught, while allowing teacher-student relationships to be on an even level of respect (Lyons, Ford & Slee, 2014). This respect is critical to the …show more content…
The key is responding to behaviours in a firm response style and not in a passive or hostile way (Eggen & Kauchak, 2010). Principally, teachers must maintain a leadership role in the classroom, however, the focus should be on being stern instead of authoritarian while teaching students positive behaviours (Charles, 2005). The Canters’ believed in a set number of rules that the students are aware of and that incentives and recognition is awarded for compliance, while non compliance is issued with consequences (Lyons, Ford & Slee, 2014). Nicholls & Houghton’s (1995) study on an Assertive Discipline approach in the classroom showed that specific and frequent praise was a positive reinforcer as opposed to simple, general comments with little substance. This approach treats all students the same and little consideration is given to individuals as it may do with a student centered approach (Martin, 1997). The concern of this approach centers around the little it does to change misbehaviours as it concentrates on controlling it and its rigidness does not allow for the students to develop self discipline (Lyons, Ford & Slee, 2014), which is fairly different than the two aforementioned

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