Gender Differences In Racial Attitudes Analysis

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"Gender Differences in Whites ' Racial Attitudes: Are Women 's Attitudes Really More Favorable?” by Michael Hughes and Steven A. Tuch.
Hughes, Michael and Tuch, Steven. 2003. “Gender Differences in Whites ' Racial Attitudes: Are Women 's Attitudes Really More Favorable?” Social Psychology Quarterly Vol. 66 (No. 4): 384-401. The research problem is whether or not women and men in the same race category have different racial attitudes. The argument by Cross and Madson indicates that the different genders have differences in their racial attitudes, following a value socialization model. On the contrary, Blumer’s analysis states that there is no significant difference in the racial attitudes because it would rather be between majority-group’s
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The five other social psychological perspectives that were not discussed were: behavioral, cognitive, evolutionary, symbolic interaction, and group processes (talked about this in question 2). Behavioral perspective explains how the human behavior is based on observable actions, instead of what is going on in their thoughts. This perspective proposes that people will act a certain way if there is a positive outcome as a result and avoid performing another way if there is a negative outcome. The behavioral perspective uses the social learning theory, which is implies that people learn through conditioning, observation and imitation. The cognitive perspective focuses on the mental processes and patterns that occur. These processes are perception, memory, judgment and decision making. Through this perspective, the association between external stimuli and behavioral responses are indirect and the stimuli are processed in terms of the big picture. Schema’s play a huge role in the cognitive perspective and allow people to filter what information is significant for interaction. In a much broader sense, schemas are a form of stereotyping and allow people to make inferences about people or things that they do not have prior knowledge about. The evolutionary perspective links social behavior to genes, giving off a biological explanation to how people behave think, and feel. The genes that allowed past humans to survive and strive are the ones that passed on in the genetic code and will show up in more people in the future. The symbolic interaction perspective proposes that people communicate through consensual symbols and behavior is formed through learning from interactions. This perspective allows individuals to figure out their identity and identify the visual or symbolic slang that is set in society. In relation to this journal article, this perspective would allow for the explanation of symbolic racism. This theoretical perspective allows individuals to find out

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