Comparing Erickson And Jean Piaget's Eight Stages Of Development

Improved Essays
Learning theories are the foundation to understanding the human development from birth to adulthood. Many theorist have provided teachers and parents, information on understanding children 's social learning , cognitive learning, and their behavioral learning. For early childhood teachers, it is important for them to know how children develop and learn. Teachers need to know how children develop that way they can understand the children 's learning style, how to plan there curriculum, and there classroom setting. Each child is different and their needs may vary, so as a teacher, having resources such as these different theories, are to help create the environment that each child needs to be successful. Since there are a variety of learning theorist, the two that will be mentioned are Erik Erikson and Jean Piaget. Both theorist have been influential for early childhood education, and have provided concrete learning styles that children develop.
Erik Erikson was a psychosocial theorist, which he proposes eight stages of development. He believed that human development is through a series of stages, that each stage is critical and each stages is successfully met with positive growth. Positive growth allows the individual to
…show more content…
There are 4 stages to his theory of mental development, but the second stage is most connected to early childhood teachers. The article, Jean Piaget Biography, says: pre-occupation stage is ages 3-7 years old, and that a child develops intelligence through symbolic , fantasy play, and natural intuition. His theory relies both on maturational and environmental factors. The example the Gordon and Browne , 2010, gives is that learning is heredity which is how the body is structured biologically, and environmental learning because the expectations children have will directly influence how they

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    There are three stages that apply to my setting; initiative versus guilt, industry versus inferiority and identity versus role confusion. Preschool and kindergarten teachers need to foster students and provide them with multiple opportunities to take initiative. By doing this they will allow children to become more independent and active participants of the educational process. Educators in grades first to about sixth need to work on promoting work habits and provided the pupils with opportunities to finish different tasks. During this time children begin to develop their self-esteem and want to have approval.…

    • 1065 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    After each section, tips were provided on how educators could use their theories in the classroom. Piaget developed a theory that children are active learners who absorb information through interactions with their environment. He believed children were motivated to learn and that…

    • 1079 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Key Assignment During my time in this class, I learn the development and learning process in children. I understand what type of impacts us, teachers can make in the classroom. It is not just the child’s parent teaching them about ways of life, it is also a teacher influencing their development. In addition, a teacher needs to plan for diversity, know the differences in children’s development, and have strategies for different learners. As a teacher, they are liable in students’ education and who they will become to be someday.…

    • 1268 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Scaffolding In Teaching

    • 878 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Teachers play a variety of important roles, from co-constructor and facilitator to advocate and collaborator, in order to promote play, learning and development (McNaughton & Williams, 2009). This essay will investigate the responsibilities and characteristics of an effective educator, drawing from relevant theory, to illustrate methods of supporting learning for children from birth to age 8. Teachers have the role of co-constructing with students through collaborative social interactions. This reflects Vygotsky’s ideas of learning through exchanging knowledge, with the shared contribution of ideas and understanding encouraging children to develop complex thinking, reasoning and problem-solving skills (Duchesne, Bochner, McMaugh & Krause,…

    • 878 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Assessing academic, physical, and social behaviors of each child will provide the teacher with knowledge regarding the child’s level of development and individual skill levels. The specific information a teacher learns from assessments will be dependent on the methods used to compile the data. Pre and post testing of a student provides the teacher with benchmarks to gauge a child’s progress. Assessment tools of observation, journaling, anecdotal notes, event sampling, questioning, and checklists provide a more holistic picture of a student’s achievements. Research has shown that “when a teacher’s professional judgment regarding the quality of student work is based on knowledge arising from the conscientious development and application of consistent…

    • 781 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    They learn and grow exponentially. By using this definition of discipline, the emphasis is on teaching students to learn responsible behaviors, rather than stopping unproductive actions (Fields & Fields, 2006, p. 5). The research project will be documenting the effects of using a call-and-response technique during instructional times in the classroom. Teaching students at a young age to respond to adult…

    • 1466 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Piaget believed that children developed according to the world around them. He also was very interested in how children learn and what they thought about as they were learning. “According to Piaget, there are four major stages of development the sensorimotor, the preoperational, the concrete operational and formal operational. Children within each of these stages think about the world and attempt to solve problems in similar ways” (Day, 1981). The Sensorimotor stage would mostly be assessed by parents and caregivers of children as this stage is from birth to 2 years of age.…

    • 994 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    A way to separate these two ideas was to define them separately and in terms of Daniel Batson’s Eight Concepts of Empathy and how these two ideas have evolved from our developmental stages. Susan A. Miller Ed.D., Ellen Booth Church, and Carla Poole write on the topic of how children develop. Susan A. Miller and Ellen Booth Church specifically discuss concepts of how self-awareness and imagination become developed in a child’s mind, and what a parent should do to nurture their child’s learning skills. In this way, the child’s capacity to learn, have an imagination, and be able to take on other children’s perspectives will increase. First, the terms of self-reflection and role taking should be defined.…

    • 1666 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Early childhood education programs prepare children for these procedures. “The goal of the pre-K school year is to engage each child in learning through a curriculum that focuses on the needs of young children in all areas of development including language, early literacy, math, science, social studies, the arts, physical development, as well as social emotional development, and healthy living” (Voluntary Pre-K: Information for Parents,…

    • 738 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Piaget's Learning Theories

    • 1587 Words
    • 7 Pages

    This essay will discuss major theories of human development and learning including Māori perspectives. These theories will then explain two critical points and how they are related to the theory. The chosen theorist beliefs will then be related to a role as an Early Childhood Educator while providing examples of how these theories apply to the development of infants, toddlers and/ or young children and their families. The differences between a Māori theorist and the two general perspectives will be briefly outlined. Two examples of how the chosen theories relate to Te Whariki will also be included.…

    • 1587 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays