Essay on Theories of Development
PSY Child and Adolescent Development
Instructor: Daniella Atwell
September 10, 2012
Theories of Development Child development from birth to adulthood was largely ignored throughout much of early history. The knowledge of child development is essential in allowing us to understand the cognitive, physical, and psychosocial growth that children go through from birth into early adulthood. There is much debate whether emotional responses are genetic, as we are born with them, or are they learned from our environment. This is known as the nature vs. nature debate. Children were often viewed simply as small versions of adults and little attention was paid to progress in reference to cognitive, …show more content…
Id: The id is the only component of personality that is present at birth. Freud believed that the id is the source of all psychic energy, and is entirely unconscious meaning it is instinctive and includes primitive behaviors. The id is driven by the pleasure principle and strives for immediate gratification satisfying all desires, wants, and needs. If these needs are not satisfied immediately, there is a state of anxiety or tension. An example would be an increase in hunger should produce an immediate attempt to eat. The id is very important in life for the infant.