Essay on The Treaty Of Versailles And The Great Depression

1309 Words Apr 7th, 2016 6 Pages
World War Two began in 1939 as a result of many things. Tension began to build from the end of World War One due to many things, such as the effects of the Treaty of Versailles and the Great Depression, Adolf Hitler’s new role of Führer (succeeding Paul von Hindenburg) and his exploitation of the League of Nations and the Treaty of Versailles through his Nazi army. These causes are closely tied with the increase of fascism throughout Europe and Nazi Germany’s foreign policy, along with the policy of appeasement and its repercussions. Finally, the immediate events before the war in the late 1930s, and especially, the German invasion of Poland in 1939.

The Treaty of Versailles, a treaty made to declare peace between Germany and the Allies on June 28 1919, was an early cause of World War Two. The idea of the treaty (for the Big Three: Great Britain, the United States and France) was to punish Germany for starting World War One. This was done by reducing Germany’s army to 100,000 men, banning tanks and conscription for the German army, forbidding an air force, and diminishing Germany’s naval force to six battleships.1 There were also financial reparations; Germany was forced to pay 6.6 billion pounds. The War Guilt Clause (Clause 231) forced Germany to accept responsibility for sparking World War One, which, on top of the military and financial burdens and the significant loss of land, angered the Germans to a great degree, as the Roaring Twenties began. Of course, the Great…

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