Essay about The Theory Behind Behaviourist Approach

1020 Words Feb 29th, 2016 null Page
The Behaviourist approach is based on that fact that past experiences determines our behaviour, in which the aim is to find laws of learning to predict and control behaviour. The theory behind behaviourist is that learning produces a relatively permanent change in behaviour as a result of prior experiences. There are two ways in which your learn behaviour. One is classical conditioning which is learning by association. This is where the unconditional stimulus produces an unconditional response, this is a natural response which has not been taught. For example, a stomach virus (UCS) could create a response of nausea (UCR). A neutral stimulus is also involved, and could be person, place etc. During conditioning a stimulus which produces no response is associated sigh the unconditioned stimulus and is know as the conditioned stimulus (CS). For example, a stomach virus might be associated with eating a certain food. Now the CS has been associated with the UCS to creat a new CR. The food (CS) which was eaten before a person was sick with a virus is (UCS) now produces a response of nausea (CR). While operant conditioning is learning by the consequences of voluntary action. For example, Trial and Error in skinners box.

Furthermore, two applications of behaviours Include anxiety disorders and forensic psychology. In anxiety disorders phobias are learned through classical conditioning. If a NS is associated with a UCS that produces a UCR of fear, then the NS becomes a CS and the…

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