The Theoretical And Methodological Perspectives Of Radical Karl Marx And Friedrich Engels

700 Words Nov 16th, 2015 3 Pages
In the comparison of the theoretical and methodological perspectives of radical Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, liberal Emile Durkheim, and liberal Max Weber, there must be an understanding that essentially they were all thinkers of the Enlightenment. The philosophical basis of the Enlightenment was that human beings are substantially perfectible. Furthermore, what delayed their intellectual progress were the inequalities of society, which were deep-seated from the feudal emphasis of faith and tradition. The principles incorporated stated that in order to facilitate this intellectual progress, that the significance must be placed and supported by science and reason.

Durkheim’s method was to study a phenomenon in terms of the nature and number of its parts and how the parts go together. Durkheim was concerned with social injustice, and he differed in beliefs from Marx and Engels’ focus on exploitation, working class, and conflict. Durkheim contended that the issues of modern society were more widespread across social classes and could not be solved by means of conflict and confiscation of private property as had been hypothesized by Marx and Engels. Durkheim took a more scientific approach compared to Marx and Engels. In the basis of the historical method, Durkheim emphasized that societies go through linear (from simple to complex/small to large) evolution, whereas Marx/Engels believed in a dialectical (constantly changing) evolution. Lastly, Marx and Engels argued that…

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