The Temporal Self Appraisal Theory Essay

1357 Words Jul 24th, 2016 6 Pages
Many studies have demonstrated that most people believe that their lives follow a continuously improving trajectory where people 's evaluation of their past self includes more self-criticism than their evaluation of their present self and that their future self is evaluated even more positively than the present self (Kanten and Teigen, 2008; Grysman, A., Prabhakar, J., Anglin, S. M., & Hudson, J. A. 2015). Individuals’ belief in self improvement from the past to the present has been explained using the temporal self appraisal theory (Wilson and Ross 2001; Ross and Wilson 2002) which posits that due to a self enhancement bias individuals evaluate their past selves in a manner leading to feeling good about their present self. Regarding a belief in future improvement, Heller and colleagues (2011) theorize this phenomenon to be a result of lack of knowledge about future challenges freeing individuals to predict that in their future they will develop into their desired self.
In accord with findings using the temporal self appraisal theory that individuals with low self esteem are less inclined to a self enhancement bias about their past (Haddock, 2004) and the high levels of low self esteem found in depressed individuals, it is reasonable to hypothesize that individuals with depression may also have less of a self enhancement bias and may not see themselves as improving from the past to the present. In addition, due to high levels of hopelessness about the future found among…

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