The Stroop Effect
For example, children, adults, teenagers, people with dyslexia, people with dementia, and people with different reading abilities each fall into a group of people with the same characteristics. People are put into these groups in order to compare the data and results gathered by the stroop test more accurately than comparing stroop test results from random groups of people. Research shows that reaction time to Stroop tasks decreases systematically from early childhood through early adulthood. These changes suggest that speed of processing increases with age and that cognitive control becomes increasingly efficient. Moreover, this research strongly suggests that changes in these processes with age are very closely associated with development in working memory and various aspects The Stroop effect is one of the most well-studied findings in experimental psychology(Stroop, 1935). This effect refers to the increase in response delay to name the color of ink in which a word is printed when that word is an incompatible color name relative to when it is an unrelated word or color patch. MacLeod (1991) wrote more than 700 articles that either directly examined the Stroop effect or used it as a tool to investigate other cognitive processes. The Stroop task has been especially useful as a tool to investigate stroop interference processes.
The conflict between the relevant (color of the word) and irrelevant …show more content…
MacLeod, 1991). A major focus of the aging research has been on the amount of Stroop interference effects in younger and older adults. The typical findings are relative to baseline condition involving the naming of colors of simuli. Older adults tend to show a greater increase in reaction time and errors in naming of the print colors of incongruent color words than do younger adults (Cohen, Dustman, & Bradford, 1984). Although this data has sometimes been attributed to general slowing effects, others have complained that the larger Stroop effects in older adults than in younger adults support views that propose age deficits in particular cognitive processes(Verhaeghen & De Meersman,