Scaffolding In Teaching

Good Essays
Teachers play a variety of important roles, from co-constructor and facilitator to advocate and collaborator, in order to promote play, learning and development (McNaughton & Williams, 2009). This essay will investigate the responsibilities and characteristics of an effective educator, drawing from relevant theory, to illustrate methods of supporting learning for children from birth to age 8.
Teachers have the role of co-constructing with students through collaborative social interactions. This reflects Vygotsky’s ideas of learning through exchanging knowledge, with the shared contribution of ideas and understanding encouraging children to develop complex thinking, reasoning and problem-solving skills (Duchesne, Bochner, McMaugh & Krause,
…show more content…
Influenced by the work of Vygotsky, the concept of scaffolding was introduced by Wood, Bruner and Ross, highlighting the role of educators to provide “support and guidance in learning” (Verenikina, 2008, p.162). Scaffolding learning experiences is shown to be most successful when attuned to the child’s interests, and at a challenging, developmentally appropriate level (Woods, 2015). According to Rogoff (1990), teachers can extend children’s comprehension and knowledge through shared experiences and dialogue, such as asking purposeful questions and providing feedback. Teachers can support and extend a child’s abilities according to Vygotsky’s ‘zone of proximal development’ (Duchesne et. al., 2015). This demonstrates what a child can accomplish alone to what they can achieve with the assistance of an adult or advanced peer (Bruce, 2011). Through partnering with the student, teachers can support children to accomplish more complex and difficult tasks, which “promote maximum cognitive growth” (Ormrod, 2011, p.41). For instance, educators can provide assistance through prompts, hints and dialogue. Both spontaneous exchanges and formal instruction can help shape a child’s understanding of the world (Ormrod, 2011). However, it is important that teachers recognise students as “active” and “self-regulated leaners”; positioning children to dynamically participate as problem-solvers, and progress towards more advanced thinking and understanding (Verenikina, 2008, p.163). This is further consolidated by Woods (2015), who states scaffolding is most successful when it is child-centred, and an extension of children’s play to maximise learning in an engaging way. Teachers also have the role of ‘passing-on’ cognitive tools, through social interactions and meaningful experiences, in order to help facilitate children’s growth in “mature thinking and action” (Rogoff, 1990, p.190; Verenikina,

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    Formative assessment aims at enhancing, improving and strengthening student learning by working with and alongside them while also fostering motivation by providing constructive criticism. Assessment capable learners are ones who are metacognitive – actively planning, monitoring and evaluating their thinking. They are students who know relative strategies and how to apply them to succeed at a specific task. They are self regulating, self monitoring, evaluative of their work and are able to think critically and make adjustments to improve. In order for a teacher to assist in minimizing a bridge of confusion an assessment capable teacher needs to effectively and explicitly plan and promote learner engagement by modelling, co-constructing with the learners specific goals, learning intentions and success criterias.…

    • 1171 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Moreover, through every observation and evaluation, considered children’s development, teachers will set safe, secure and supported (DEEWR, Outcomes 2) environment for children to take self-believe action to play intentionally. (Mora-Flores, 2015, PP. 58) Teaching Early Years The importance of relationships between teachers and children is building trust can make children on the path to confidence to be a self-identity learner in effective play-based learning. (DEEWR, Outcomes 1) Every child is individual leaner, so intentional teaching provides opportunities for teachers to get to know the differences among children, (Pendergast & Garvis, 2014,PP. 191) and also make more targeted plan for them, and then every child can strengthen their interests and they will feel that they are respect to make choices, so that children will be confident to engage a group or a community.…

    • 1149 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Pros Of Constructivism

    • 773 Words
    • 4 Pages

    The main purpose are to guide and improve learning. Assessment data assist the teacher in planning and adapting for further instruction. Teachers can enhance children understanding of their own progress by involving them in gathering their own data and by sharing teacher-gathered data with them. Such participation makes it possible children to identify their personal learning goals. The types of assessments are, formative and summative assessment.…

    • 773 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    I have taken from the social constructivism framework that teaching is effective when children are active participants in their learning process. I must provide them with collaborative learning opportunities to get them thinking. From a behaviorist perspective, the learner should be presented with the appropriate behaviour and the consistent repetition of material. This method of teaching has been proven successful for some aspects of the curriculum, such as a structured repetitive phonics lessons (Jordan, Carlile and Stack 2008). An effective teacher will have an outstanding grasp of these essential concepts to be able to break down the tasks in the way that will make them attainable, whilst still staying consistent with the core ideas that underpin them (Clark, 2005).…

    • 985 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Teacher has to be a partner, for the child. They have to explore and create new ideas with the children. The teacher has to encourage them and involve with them for further exploration by asking many questions. The teacher should arrange the classroom in such a way so that it will be accessible and interesting for the children. They should organize the materials, so that children can take thoughtful decision.…

    • 1103 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Learning and interaction go side by side. We learn by interacting with people or environment around us or both, thus, encouraging learners to participate in the learning process. One such pedagogical approach that is based on learners’ participation is the interactive pedagogy. Therefore, Values and Civic Education which is a programme responsible for the development of learners as individuals and good citizens will be more suitable to be schooled at primary level in an interactive manner. As such, pupils will not only learn the values but also put them into practice.…

    • 1153 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    For example, the child 's culture, home life, and the classroom environment. Not only is it the caregiver 's responsibility to facilitate development but it is also the parents responsibility. According to Essa & Burnham (2009), children learn best through experiences with help foster different domains of development such as cognitive, social-emotional, and language development. This is also the opinion of theorist Piaget who believes that children learn best through the world around them by creating their own understanding of the world. This helps children develop in an activist approach to learning (Essa & Burnham, 2009, pg.…

    • 1080 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    My Teaching Philosophy

    • 778 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Formative is a process; it is an ongoing process of collecting data to evaluate children (Puckett & Black, 2008). Using different tools such as portfolio, learning story and art work are important in assessing children’s learning and development, as it will help me to assess where are the children at on their learning. As a teacher in digital age, I will ensure that I implement and integrate ICT experience in the classroom practices. The role of technology plays a big part in my teaching as I believe that technology support the “new” pedagogy of students teaching themselves with the teachers guidance (Gee & Hayes, 2011). Lastly, I believe in reflective practice, as it will help me to improve my teaching practice and ensure that I am able to adapt to the constant changes in education.…

    • 778 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    It also helps students to realize that teachers value their differences (Cole, 2008). Another way that teachers can meet students’ diverse learning needs is by using students’ background knowledge to enhance learning. Students’ self-esteem and motivation are strengthened when teachers use their experiences in the classroom and validate what they have to say. Students also engage more when they are asked what they know about a topic and if they get to help decide on research questions rather than being given the questions and having to find the answers to set questions. Finally, the teacher obtains a better understanding of students’ background knowledge through pre-assessments which can guide subsequent lessons (Cole, 2008).…

    • 1102 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Universal Design Approach

    • 981 Words
    • 4 Pages

    A commonly used example is with the “think-pair-share” model. As students think of their own answers, discuss their thoughts with a partner, and then share with the collective group it allows them to decrease pressure while increasing risk-taking and confidence (Dolmage, 2015). Further, allowing students to respond to the lesson can enhance engagement while also demonstrating what has been retained. This also displays to the students that the teacher is invested in them through the interactive nature. Developing lessons that allow students to engage and interact with both their peers and their educator will enhance their learning experience.…

    • 981 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays