Essay about The Rates Of Stis / Hiv Among Adolescents

2020 Words Nov 28th, 2016 9 Pages
Most of the studies found that adolescents who were incarcerated portrayed higher rates of STIs/HIV as compared to non-adolescent offenders. However, the articles used for this literature review did not provide a definitive association between incarceration and STIs/HIV among adolescents. The data trend between incarceration and STIs/HIV among adolescents was depicted by seven non-experimental study (e.g., correlational research study, retrospective cohort study, descriptive study, and a single point-in-time prevalence study), two randomized controlled trial, and one qualitative study (in-depth interviews). The first randomized controlled trial was conducted by DiClemente et al. (2014) to examine the effectiveness of an adapted Imara intervention used to decrease incidents of STIs and increase HIV/STI-preventive behaviors and psychosocial outcomes. The study revealed that participants assigned to the intervention group showed higher condom use self-efficacy, HIV/STI knowledge, and condom use skills in comparison to the control group (DiClemente et al., 2014). However, condom use, number of vaginal sex partners, unprotected vaginal sex, and incident of chlamydia or gonorrhea infections were not statistical different for both the intervention and control group (DiClemente et al., 2014). Similarly, a second randomized controlled trial by Ricks, Crosby, and Terrell (2015) was done in three southern U.S. cities. The purpose of this study was to determine whether incarcerated…

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