The Quest For Power In George Orwell's 1984

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The quest for power, often times, drives people to commit unthinkable acts. In George Orwell’s novel 1984, the Party’s unstoppable desire to obtain absolute power is manifested in surveillance – Surreptitious and Panoptical, Newspeak, propaganda, and thought crime. Orwell writes about Winston Smith, a small, quiet man living in a repressive totalitarian nation called Oceania. Throughout the novel the protagonist, Winston, who struggles to defy the laws set by the Party, ultimately conforms to save his life. In the political novel, 1984, George Orwell warns readers of the potential danger of government and leaders with power because of their ability to manipulate and control people.
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By only disclosing selective information to the public, the government is able to influence and manipulate the society’s beliefs and knowledge. In 1984, the Party distributes false information to the people of Oceania to gain complete dominance. Through the Ministry of Truth, the Party destroys records of the past so that they become consistent with the false information the Party is distributing. Those who worked in the Records Department within the Ministry of Truth, Winston being on of them, recreated documents based on the, "estimate of what the Party wanted” (40). Due to the fact that all facts and figures come from the Ministry of Truth, the Party holds the power to determine what is reality. The Party is able to efficiently and quietly alter history, wars, and records however; the Party does this not only to spread false information, but also to persuade the values and opinions of the people. Orwell states, “He who controls the past controls the future” (34). This quote is a warning from George Orwell about the dangers of propaganda used by government to control people. By having power over all facts and figures, the Party has complete control over its people. George Orwell uses the novel, 1984, as warning readers of the danger of a totalitarian government because of their ability to transform, manipulate, and control people. In the novel, the Party obtains such a massive about of power that the citizens are forced to surrender their independence and embody the beliefs of the Party, “You will be hollow. We shall squeeze you empty, and then we shall fill you with ourselves” (256). This disturbing quote is purposely written by Orwell to depict the horrors the world can become when people give their freedom, power, and trust to those of high

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