The Pros And Cons Of Sex And Gender
In the case of intersexed bodies, where a person’s genitalia, reproductive organs, or chromosomal patterns do not match the accepted medical definition of male or female, physicians are generally able to provide medical intervention and (re)construct the “right genitals” to compliment successful socialization. Gender ambiguities are “curable” and can be “remedied” to conform to the “culturally indisputable gender dichotomy” (Kessler, 1990:24), where the process of gendering is governed by the law, religion, science discourse and societal expectations (Lorber, 1994:46).
Heteronormativity pervades all social institutions and regulates the gender …show more content…
In Western cultures, genital attribution constitutes gender attribution (Oyewumi, 1998:1056), which is the almost instantaneous process by which a person is able to successfully “classify” another person as either male or female. Because bodily genitals are not always in view, Kessler and McKenna developed the concept of “cultural genitals” –the genitals, and consequently gender, someone is assumed to have on the basis of hegemonic social and cultural codes of acceptable behaviours and appropriate physical appearances (Crawford,