The Phychosocial Factors And Effects Of Childhood Obesity

1977 Words 8 Pages
Register to read the introduction… For adults and children, however, an effective way to lose weight is to decrease the amount of energy taken in and to increase the amount of energy expended (Grundy, et al. 1999). This means eating less food and being more physically active, because a positive energy balance is the cause of obesity (Grundy, et al. 1999). Physical activity increase alone can change the energy balance and the body of an obese person (Grundy, et al. 1999). This causes changes such as lowering the white blood cell count of the body which lowers the risk of developing atherosclerosis (Veronelli, et al. 2004). Lowering white blood cell count by losing weight also lowers the risk of cardiovascular disease (Veronelli, et al. 2004).
The effects of physical activity on obesity are well documented, but there are other psychosocial factors that feed into being obese. Obese people are often teased, ridiculed and physically abused throughout their life. This can lead to depression and low self-esteem (Dixon, Dixon, and O'Brien, 2003) conducted studies that agreed with the notion that obesity causes depression and that obese women are at a higher risk to be depressed than
…show more content…
M., Blackburn, G., Higgins, M., Lauer, R., Perri, M. G., & Ryan, D. (1999). Physical activity in the prevention and treatment of obesity and its comorbidities: Evidence report of independent panel to assess the role of physical activity in the treatment of obesity and its comorbidities. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 31, 1493-1500.
Hill, J. (2004). Physical activity and obesity. The Lancet, 363(9404), 182-184.
Hill, J. O., Wyatt, H. R., Reed, G. W., & Peters, J. C. (2003). Obesity and the environment: Where do we go from here? Science, 299, 853-855.
Kottke, T. E., Wu, L. A., & Hoffman, R. S. (2003). Economic and psychological implications of the obesity epidemic. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 78(1), 92-94.
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. (2003, July). Statistics related to overweight and obesity. Retrieved October 1, 2004, from http://www.niddk.nih.gov/health/nutrit/nutrit.htm
Neville, A. L., Brown, C. V. R., Weng, J., Demetriades, D., & Velmahos, G. C. (2004). Obesity is an independent risk factor of mortality in severely injured blunt trauma patients. Archives of Surgery, 139(9), 983-987.
Osness, W. H., & Mulligan, L. (1998). Physical activity and depression among older adults. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 69(4), 16-19.
Proietto, J. (2004). Obesity: Not a sin, but still deadly. The Lancet, 364,

Related Documents