The Philosophy Of Mind And The Metaphysical World Essay

1644 Words Nov 16th, 2016 7 Pages
Dualism has been the centre theory for the philosophy of mind since the adaptation of Plato’s original ideas about the world and the metaphysical world. However, with the fast paced development of modern age Science and further post enlightenment philosophy. There have been a number of challenges to Descartes’ position; such as the ontological reduction of the mind to the brain proposed by Mind-Brain Identity Theory. Descartes’ is known for his enlightenment, rationalist philosophy. Perhaps his most significant theory is his modern adaptation of Plato’s doctrine of antitheses. Plato supposed that the body belongs to the physical universe made of imperfect changing material, whereas the mind/soul exists in a metaphysical realm made of perfect ideas.
Similarly, Descartes claims that there two kinds of substances: the physical matter (E.g. the body) and the metaphysical (E.g. mind/soul). He then concluded that because these substances are separate, they must have distinct essential properties to one and other. The body can be seen as physical, within space time, doubtable and the body decays. In contrast, the soul can is considered metaphysical, a non-temporal substance, not within space time and incapable of decaying. This led to the development of Descartes indivisibility argument.
Descartes makes use of Leibniz Law to help give evidence for two separate substances. The law, basically, says that if two things do share all the exact same properties then they must be one…

Related Documents