Dualism Vs Physicalism

1103 Words 4 Pages
The view of physicalism gives a stronger and more plausible answer to the mind-body problem. There are several reasons why this particular view gives a more sensible for answer to the problem at hand. These reasons include the rationale behind the reasoning of brain research, how the different aspects of reductive physicalism is able to address the non-physical aspects of the mind, as well as the less than sensible claims that the opposing view, dualism, presents in comparison.

One of the main reasons why physicalism is able to prove itself to be the better answer to the mind-body problem is based off of research that society has learned about on the brain. To lessen the aspect of the mind and brain being separate entities, there is a strong
…show more content…
For instance, our current technological advances in the medical world has presented that “when a person is performing a certain task, characteristics changes take place in the brain,” (Lawhead 82). Furthermore, physicalism is able to explain how mind concerning consciousness and intelligence is formed due to the physical aspects of the brain based on the combined efforts of each individual and physical aspect of the neuron of the brain (Lawhead 82). Another prime example of how brain activity relates to the development and changes to the mind is the Phineas Gage case. Due to the terrible trauma that Gage experienced from the work accident at the construction site, Gage experience a steep change in personality. Before the gruesome accident, Gage was known as an “easygoing, friendly, and intelligent person,” (Lawhead 83). Afterwards, it appears as though Gage experience a complete flip where friends deemed him an “ill-tempered and stupid brute,” (Lawhead 83). As a …show more content…
One of the forms of physicalism, the theory of behaviorism, is able to disprove that the mind as a non-physical state is separated from the brain of the body. Behaviorism is the theory of how observation behavior is able to be scientifically described without the hypothetical constructs of the mind (Branch of Philosophy). Another theory of physicalism that portrays how the mind is not part of a separate reality is the identity theory. This particular theory showcases the beliefs, pains, desires, though processes, and such matters to be reduced to the states of the brain since these “two entities are identical,” (Lawhead 84). This is strong argument on behalf of physicalism overall given that it allows us to understand that there is no mysterious forces working to develop the matters of the mind. Such matters are able to be explained through the evidence of empirical research on the brain. Thus, it cancels out how there is an unknown development of interaction between the mind and the body since all development of the mind can be traced by to the how the brain of the body was impacted. Which leads to how physicalism is the stronger answer to the mind-body question given the argument of dualism lives us with more of a hypothetical

Related Documents