The Negative Effects Of Social Media?

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Introduction

In a world increasingly influenced by technology, the ways in which people express and evaluate themselves inevitably adapt to this change. Specifically, social media allows its users to find work-related connections, romantic relationships, and new friends based on common interests (Ellison, Steinfield, & Lampe, 2007). Not only this, but the creation of a variety of different social media platforms that exist allows users to express themselves in several different ways from text based "tweets" on Twitter to photographs and videos on Instagram. Research emphasizes both the positive and negative impacts of social media on one 's ability to interact with others and display oneself on social media in terms of social capital, or
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Research by Manago, Ward, Lemm, Reed, and Lauren (2015) asserted that higher levels of investment in Facebook resulted in higher levels of objectified body consciousness -- that is, the more involved users were in Facebook as an integral part of their social lives, the more aware participants were of their physical appearance and the more important physical appearance became in determining self-worth. Additionally, higher levels of objectified body consciousness led to higher levels of body shame, which in turn impacted other aspects of participants ' self-esteem, including creating and asserting boundaries and expressing personal desires (Manago et al., 2015). Two studies conducted by Mabe, Forney, and Keel (2014) further explored on the idea of importance of social media to its users by exploring how Facebook contributed to both consciousness of "eating pathology" (Mabe et al., 2014) and body dissatisfaction. In these two studies, Mabe, Forney, and Keel (2014) found that higher levels of investment and Facebook correlated with disordered eating and thinking and related to higher levels of engagement in actions that focused on appearance and body image; that is, participants with higher levels of eating pathology reported more time spent on Facebook and reported engaging …show more content…
A study by Ghazvani and Taylor (2015) studied the trend of thinspiration, or media that glorifies weight loss in dangerous ways that are characteristic of eating disorders, giving another lens through which feedback can be explored. This study found that thinspiration images not only promoted an extremely thin and sexually suggestive ideal of women 's ' bodies, the type of thinspiration varied depending on the social media platform used; Pinterest, while less objectifying, promoted thinness with muscularity, whereas Twitter consistently placed emphasis on extreme thinness. Moreover, the existence of these tags on these sites suggested a collective acceptance, reinforcement, internalization, and reinforcement of the body ideals promoted by thinspiration (Ghazvani & Taylor, 2015). These findings are consistent with those of Monro and Huon (2005), which stated that exposure to idealized images of thinness related to higher levels of body shame and anxiety about appearance. Specifically, those who reported having higher levels of self-objectification, or the valuing of one 's appearance above all characteristics (Monro &Huon, 2005), reported higher levels of anxiety about their appearance when shown images that promoted idealized images of thinness versus whose who had lower levels of self-objectification. Thus, research supports the idea that the visualization of

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