Androgyny Gender Roles
That is to say, androgynous people are those individuals who could manifest both masculine and feminine attributes. Masculinity and femininity then became two dimensions, rather than opposite ends of a single set. It was possible for individuals to represent both masculine and feminine characteristics simultaneously.
Gross (1998) stated that emotion regulation refers to the process of individuals generating, recognizing, and expressing emotions. Regulatory processes can be conscious or unconscious, controlled or automatic. Emotion regulation also refers to attempts to influence the types of emotions that the
individual experiences, when they experience them, and how they are to be expressed (McRac et.al, 2008). Emotion regulation fuels the intrinsic and extrinsic processes of observing and managing emotional reactions to reduce stress and fulfill needs (Thompson, 1994).
People who usually do not have a clear understanding of and who dwells …show more content…
Cognitive reappraisal regulates negative emotions. However, emotional suppression manages not only the positive emotions but also the negative emotions as well (Schutte et al., 2009).
Cognitive reappraisal is typically associated with better outcomes (Grisham et al., 2011; Gross & John, 2003). Individuals using reappraisal strategies tend to have fewer negative effects, more positive effects, and better psychological well-being than others. Individuals using more suppression strategies report more negative effects, fewer positive effects, and higher levels of stress (John & Gross, 2007; Schutte et al., 2009).
Based from the study found by Nolen-Hoeksema and Aldao (2011), they found gender differences in a wide range of emotion regulation strategies in a large (n >1,300) community sample of women and men ranging from 25 to 75 years of age. According to Nolen, a study before found that women were more likely than men to report engaging in most types of emotion regulation. Some of these differences were in line with gender role theories. Women were signiﬁcantly more likely than men to report engaging in wishful thinking, which may be akin to rumination. Women also reported seeking social support and turning to