The Negative Effects Of Alcohol's Effect On College Athletes

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The consumption of alcohol has severe effects on college athletes and their bodies. For example, alcohol can affect college athletes by “loss of balance and coordination, reduced reaction time, and increased appetite” (SCAN Registered Dietitians, 2013). This decline in cognitive function plays a large role in sports related injuries, along with vitamin and mineral deficiencies which affect the immune system (SCAN Registered Dietitians, 2013). Consuming alcohol after an athletic performance can also severely affect athletes. According to NCAA, consuming alcohol can cause a problem with “muscle glycogen synthesis and storage may be decreased, and gluconeogenesis can be stunted, potentially leading to hypoglycemia and impairing future
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Both groups completed an eccentric exercise after finishing the alcohol. The trial showed that those who ingested alcohol and those who did not ingest alcohol had muscle damage. The muscle damage that was found, was identified through the leakage of enzymes known to be found in muscles. Pain and loss of strength were also a side effect of this trial. This can be an important note for athletes where their sport revolves around strength training, such as shot put throwers, football, hockey and many more sports. The use of alcohol would decrease their improvement by having a lower range of motion, increase in pain, and decrease in strength (Shirreffs & Maughan, 2006). It was also found that the occurrence of injury in football players who drink alcohol often was 55% higher (Shirreffs & Maughan, 2006). The article states that although it is not clear exactly how alcohol increases risk of injury, it is mentioned that the behaviors that occur once intoxicated can have an effect on injury which can be concerning for the participating athlete (Shirreffs & Maughan, 2006). Another study researched the reasons to why college athletes choose to drink and why some do not. This study separated their results based on gender because majority of the women felt one way while majority of the men felt another way. The Journal of Alcohol & Drug Education states that majority of men drank because they had more fun, liked meeting new people, and relax by lowering inhibitions. Majority of women’s athletic teams had dry seasons where they weren 't allowed to consume alcohol so when their dry season ended they would participate in binge drinking to celebrate. The women who sustained from drinking said it was because they “were not old enough to drink legally, I was worried about the

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