The Memory Of Memory, Brain Games, And Nutritional Supplements

1997 Words Nov 17th, 2016 8 Pages
Literature review

It is a stark reality that as people age, their cognitive abilities tend to decrease, including memory capabilities. At the present, scholars have identified three types of memory stores: sensory memory, short-term memory (STM), and long-term memory (LTM). Memory includes primarily three processes: encoding, storage, and retrieval. Additionally, in order to these processes occur favorably, attention to the information or stimuli presented is vital (Garrett, 2011; Sternberg, 2009). The LTM storage depends largely on the ability of the STM to retain information. Particularly, STM is one of the most researched topics in cognitive psychology. Almost every process of cognition depends on STM: reasoning, problem solving, and learning new concepts among some; therefore, STM should not be underestimated (Marshuetz, 2005).

To counter the negative effects of memory due to aging many techniques and practices to improve it are widely sought: self-help books, brain games, and nutritional supplements to name a few. Moreover, “to do list” often becomes a part of the daily routine of middle to older adults’ lives to facilitate recall. Interestingly, during the last decades, scholars have renewed interest in the use of environmental methods for enhancing cognitive tasks’ performance. Many research studies have documented the value of music as one of these methods to improve cognitive tasks. With that in mind it is questioned: can music enhance cognitive tasks in…

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