Child Labor: The Labor Movement In The United States

1339 Words 6 Pages
Labor has gone a long way in American history. They’ve helped create a stable and productive workforce, in which the management respects the employee’s right as a whole. The labor movement in the United States grew out of the need to protect the common interest of the worker. They protested for better pay, reasonable working hours, and putting a stop to child labor. It pushed for the need to protect the common interests of the workers, especially those who worked in the industrial unit by fighting for reasonable wages, working hours, and safer working conditions. This eventually grew to stop child labor, give health benefits and provide compensation to workers who are hurt or injured.

Between 1860 and the 1910 the United States population
…show more content…
The company acquired the top three floors of the 10th story building and was made up of 500 employees, mostly made up immigrant women. The fire started on the 8th floor on March 25, 1911 at 4:45. The small fire was caused by a small piece of cloth, which eventually turned into a conflagration. Some of those located on the 8th and 10th floors managed to escape, but those on the 9th were unfortunate. The rear door was locked to prevent theft, and when the fire escape collapsed many who were unable to escape and faced their doom. Many jumped to their deaths or were either cooked to death. Fire companies were of no use, because the ladders barely reached above the 7th floor and the safety nets collapsed with the weight of so many. In less than 15 minutes 146 people died. The company’s owners were tried to manslaughter, but were acquitted. Liability was limited to $75 in damages paid to 23 of the victims’ families. The event of the fire had lasting effects, which led to reform and change. The Factory Investigating Commission, the Bureau of Fire Investigation, and the Fire Department 's Fire Prevention Division (which was devolved a year later) came up with new sets of rules regarding new labor, health and fire safety regulations. In addition to fire drills, forbidding of locking doors during work hours, and regular building inspections. …show more content…
They were one of the first, most influential labor unions in the United States. They worked to establish series of rules and rights enforced upon employers such as, the typical eight hour work day, abolition of child labor, equal pay for equal work, and political reforms including the graduated income tax. They reached their accomplishments as to mean of striking, eventually bringing these defects in the workplace to a national level. The knights of labor also, strongly supported the Chinese exclusion act of 1882 and the contract labor law of 1885. They believed these laws were necessary to protect the American labor force from competition against under paid immigrant laborers. This union welcomed all members regardless of race, sex or level of skill. By 1886 the group had about 800,000 employees, but due to organizational problems, there was a sharp decline in the union’s influence and membership

Related Documents