Essay on The Internationalization Of Chinese Higher Education

1981 Words Oct 28th, 2016 8 Pages
The internationalization of Chinese higher education can be traced back almost two centuries. In 1840, following the defeat of the Chinese Empire in the Opium Wars, China was introduced to the concept of modern western education. Chinese higher education started in 1912, with one university and 94 professional staffs. Involvementing inthe World War II against Japan with Japan slowed the development of higher education institutions until 1949. By 1949, there were only 205 colleges and universities with a total of 116,504 students. Since 1949, Chinese higher education shifted its attention of the system from the U.S. American model to the Soviet model. Enrollments grew rapidly;. In 1960, the system had its peak with almost one million students. During the 10 years of the Cultural Revolution (1966-1976), many universities and colleges were shut down and the national entrance test (Gao kao) was officially banned. From 1966 to 1969, no new students were enrolled among the entire system (Li, 2010).

Reform and expansion of the Chinese higher education system began in 1977 and 1978 facilitated by the economic reforms of Deng Xiaoping. This period can be described as the pre-massification of Chinese higher education- in terms of the number of universities and student enrollment. The Chinese government has implemented a market-oriented reform in the higher education system in the aspects of admission, tuition, international collaboration, and assisting the labor market (Li, 2010).…

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