Assignment 5: East And West In The Grip Of The Cold War

1507 Words 7 Pages
Dillon Sutton
11/20/2014
HIS 112

Assignment Five

Assignment # 5 Chapter 25: East and West in the Grip of the Cold War

Compare and contrast the cultural and societal changes that occurred during the Cold War Era in Russia and China. Make sure to discuss repressive agendas that was portrayed the Communist governments in China and Russia; any restrictions in the media and literature; and any societal changes that includes higher education, the role of men and women in Russia and China. Was equality even possible in Russia and China during the Cold War Era? Explain. BE VERY THOROUGH IN THIS ESSAY. Please post your synopsis on Discussion Board so I can grade accordingly. This assignment should be at least one and a half (1 ½) pages long
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Observers of the cold war would be wise to notice that China and Soviet Russia were two completely different animals. Other then both nations having a large population the only other real thing that they had in common was that they both were communists governments. Although they both were communist they often disagreed on things. Both governments developed in different ways as well as at different paces. Even in the beginning the Russian government had disagreements with Mao Zedong in regards to communism. On page 654 of the textbook it is stated that Mao Zedong once said "obtaining assistance from Stalin was like taking meat from a tigers mouth". China discovered early on that they would be wrong to expect a great deal of support from there communist neighbor.
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From 1965-1968 China undertook a transformative process known as the cultural revolution. Mao Zedong established the cultural revolution to consolidate China but more importantly to affirm his position as the leader. Initially the revolution was rooted in education and the youth of China. Young minds were pushed towards accepting the more basic revolutionary virtues and dismissing Russian communism. Schools were frowned upon because they harbored a selective mentality that contradicted communist values. Mao Zedong believed that his vision of communism was being contaminated by elitist greed. Specifically he believed that certain occupations in China were creating a rift between people in China. As a believer in absolute communism he wanted to reaffirm that no class has more power or significance than any other class. Communism in China meant total occupational equality, meaning that no one class should dictate important issues. Mao put a considerable amount of effort into ending class elitism but in that effort he made enemies. Some of the Chinese population did not agree with Mao 's oppressive tactics consequently numerous groups began to civilly protest Mao Zedong. A group of youths called the red guards is one such example. It became their personal mission to oppose every action Mao Zedong ordered. Ironically Mao Zedong 's obsession for class equality led to a class war. No matter what occupation

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