Rise Of The Inca Civilization

1488 Words 6 Pages
The Incan civilization was powerful and had a strong army. Up in the Andes mountains the Incas had developed their way of life. The Incan Empire rose to power very quickly (Burger 2008). The Incas were still a developing Empire when the Spanish came. The Spanish explorer Andagoya was the first man to have an expedition on the south side of the continent. He was sent home because he fell off his horse but when he returned Andagoya came with stories of a large Empire with riches (Burger 2008). The Spanish were more advanced and powerful than the Incas but not everyone knew about the Incas (Burger 2008). The Incas believe they had the divine right to rule of the people they conquered because of their beliefs. The Incas believed they were brought …show more content…
Before the Conquistadores even reached the Incas, their population was heavily decreased. The Incas did not have any domestic animals which is where the diseases originated. The Europeans had developed an immunity. Once the diseases were exposed to the people of the Americas the diseases spread rapidly and made it across the Americas before the Spanish could. The spread of diseases also lowered the Incas communication which is what made the Incas strong. 90% of the Inca civilization was affected by a disease (Knighton 2016). The diseases also helped the civil war begin and weakened their community. Without the diseases being spread the Incas would have outnumbered the Conquistadores by a huge amount and could have won the war. The sickness is why the Conquistadores were able to enter without anyone knowing. The diseases are said to be what killed Huayna Capac. Which is what led to the civil war (Knighton 2016). The Incas did not have the immune system to defend against the diseases like smallpox. This was the main cause of death. Due to the diseases the Incas had nowhere near as many soldier and men which hurt their chances of beating the …show more content…
The diseases that were spread were the primary reason that the Spanish were able to invade Peru so easily. The diseases effected 90% of the Inca civilization (Knighton 2016). The diseases also led to the civil war between the North and the South. The civil war divided the empire and when the Spanish invaded the Incas were not unified and were unable to fight of the Spanish properly (Knighton 2016). The Incas had never fought someone with such advanced weapons. The Incas still had wooden or stone weapons (Cartwright 2010). The Spanish had steel and they rode on horses which gave them a huge advantage over the Incas. The Incas had also never fought someone with more power than them. The Incas had conquered many civilizations but all of them were of lesser power and knowledge than the Incas (Cartwright 2010). When the Spanish came they were shocked by the power of the weapons that the Spanish had. The Spanish used the element of surprise on the Incas the Spanish walked into the Inca civilization without being know of by the Incas because of the civil war and diseases (Cartwright 2010). The Spanish tried to get Atahualpa to vow his loyalty to the Spanish empire but when he refused and threw the bible down the Spanish attacked and captured him. Atahualpa knew the Spanish were after gold and offered them rooms full of gold and silver in exchange for is freedom. When the Incas handed over the gold the Spanish refused to hand back

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