Compare And Contrast Inca And Aztecs

Great Essays
The Aztec and Inca empires grew rapidly during the fifteenth century and were far superior than the other Indigenous groups in their land. While these two empires expanded differently they both prove to be the most power empires to have existed in Mesoamerica. The Mexica, who were the Aztecs, and Incas became powerful through their military successes, and reformed religious ideologies. While both of these empires proved to be successful in growing their empires where they both experienced power struggles before the Spanish conquest. Civil wars and over ambitus expansionism lead to the empires power to be in jeopardy however, the empires would eventually fall due to the Spaniards conquering the land. The empires grew to prominence …show more content…
The land was controlled by other indigenous groups like the Colla and Lupacas. However, they would eventually become the most powerful empires in the Andean world. “The Inca would eventually become the master empire-builders of the Andean world. They would push the frontiers of Peruvian Civilization far beyond it pervious limits” (Conrad and Demes,96). They would become successful due to their military success. Under their social structure the leaders where known as sinchios, “war leaders who derived their power and prestige from personal prowess” (Conrad and Demes,99). This leadership allowed the Inca to compete with other indigenous powers. The sinchio were warriors and had strong knowledge in politics which allowed them to take down the Channca and allying themselves with the Lupca (Conrad and Demes, 107). However, in 1438 the Chanca attacked the Inca in hopes of gaining their territory, but they were defeated by Cusi Inca Yupanqui who was the son of the old emperor. Also, like the Aztec the Inca had strong religious beliefs and social changes made them gain territories continuously. One belief and change was split inheritance; which is when the land conquered by the pervious emperor would still remain his control even in the afterlife. The next emperor who was the son of the pervious would have to continue to grain land for his empire. This in turn caused the Inca to …show more content…
Both the Inca and Aztecs used their religious ambitions to justify the use of warfare as a means to expand their land. The Aztecs religious beliefs began to change and was seen most notable during the change of power to the Triple Alliance. Mentioned earlier, the sun god Huitzilopochtli became the dominate god of the people. The new comitology required more human sacrifices than ever seen before. “…Not only was the need for human sacrifice more pronounced, but there could now be no limits to its scale: the greater the number of captives offered on the sacrificial alter, the greater would be the strength of the gods” (Conrad and Demes, 44). The Triple Alliance used this change of cosmetology to benefit themselves and the empire. By the fifteenth century the Aztec empire new ideology would set them apart from their neighbors where the need for human sacrifices drove the Mexica to become a dominate force in Mesoamerica. The new ideology also gave the Mexica an identity and became intertwined with their political and economic structure. “The Mexica’s sacrificial cosmology gave them the competitive edge needed for such victories: fanaticism” (Conrad and Demes, 47). In both empires the noble warrior gained the most wealth through military expansion. However, in the Aztec empires there was social mobility that allowed commoners to move up in the hierarchy. This was achieved by

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    Incas And Aztec Culture

    • 1344 Words
    • 6 Pages

    The Incas and Aztecs both were taken over by the Spaniards. The Aztecs were taken over because of technological disadvantages such as guns, horses, cannons, and disease. The Spanish caused civil uprisings and eventually took over the great Aztec empire.…

    • 1344 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Victories in both wars promoted America 's new found authority, and the countries new found self responsibility to look out for other countries. America 's development into a world power became evident because it could now compete with the world powers in Europe and Asia. Overall, the Spanish American War and WWI were both momentous events that not only expanded the U.S and its economy, but gave the U.S a prominent voice in international affairs and established it as a world…

    • 1944 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Superior Essays

    The main goal of warfare was to get tribute from the people they conquered. The conquered were then forced to give up their land for either of the empires, which led to more expansion. One difference between the two empires is that Aztecs believed strongly in the power of human sacrifice and bloodletting. They saw that the only way to keep their gods and the world alive was by doing so. When Aztec warriors expanded their empire the conquered people would obey in fear of being sacrificed.…

    • 978 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Alexander the Great’s empire was the most successful military force of any Ancient Mediterranean civilization. From Alex’s battle tactics and doing new, maybe even crazy, things to win all the way to him conquering the vast majority of the known world and it’s civilizations. Even more than those things though is his cultural influence after his…

    • 1183 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Age Of Discovery Essay

    • 751 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Their dream was to no longer be poor sailors and become wealthy lords that were well-known among the people. Even though the Spanish Empire was already quite powerful, it was important to them to be known as a powerful empire by other empires. They wanted to be the best of the best. Being at the tail end of the Middle Ages and feudalism and being in recent wars, Europe had created a culture that glorified the military and its leaders. Men who performed good deeds or participated in wars were granted land and other riches.…

    • 751 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Being one of the most influential empires in the world, Rome had expanded greatly, having control over many places. This power and authority did, however, have its downsides. Ironically, the factor that put Rome on the world stage also took them off of it. The empire was so thinly spread, it was hard to control every…

    • 1879 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The Comanche Empire

    • 968 Words
    • 4 Pages

    The Comanches economy was based on two factors, raiding different places and lands and trading with different villages. The Comanches were not friendly on domination, but used violence and war in order to build up their empire. They became the center of imperial power and made other villages and empires to adapt to their habits. This prevented any European country to not bulge in a war with the Comanche Empire. Hamalainen describes in his essay.…

    • 968 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    They also sent out colonists to spread their culture. Living off their tribute from smaller tribal villages and their very productive system of agriculture beyond its time, the Aztecs built the enormous, well-planned metropolis of Tenochtitlán. Several great Aztec emperors had succeeded in conquering much of central Mexico before a weaker ruler, Montezuma, came to power. Montezuma was not as strict or demanding of respect as his predecessors. Montezuma would prove to be very influential in the imminent downfall of the Aztec Empire due to his inaction when the Spanish first presented…

    • 1698 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Aztec And Inca Empires

    • 1094 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Both rapidly rose to power and dominated their region until the Spanish conquerors led to their downfall. Inca society was more community oriented while Aztec society demanded tribute and put themselves above their subjects. Each dominion had powerful leader; Itzcoatl helped legitimize Aztec rule while Pachacuti stifled a rebellion and expanded Inca rule. Both empires had varying similarities to Chinese, Roman, and Egyptian rule, whom they had no prior contact with until Spanish explorers met the Aztecs in 1519 and the Inca in 1532, The Inca and Aztec Empires were certainly the two most vast, powerful empires of pre-Columbian…

    • 1094 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Ashoka was better leader than previous kings due to the fact that he used his military power to expand the Maryann Empire and He won the war against a feudal state called Kalinga. With the goal of annexing its territory, Ashoka’s strong military power and strategies had successfully took over the Kalinga, which his grandfather had tried but failed. Even thought people from Kalinga defended themselves and kept their honor but they lost the war .The war took place around 261 BCE and it’s considered as one of the most bloodiest and cruel conflicts in the world history. The war with Kalinga changed Ashoka after he saw so much suffering and slaughter. he seeked comfort in the Buddhism with the influence of his wife.…

    • 1622 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays