Ocean Current Causes

Improved Essays
Oceans are large bodies of salt water which hold the largest variety of plants and animals on earth. Oceans have currents that travel worldwide, generated by breaking winds and water salinity. These currents also speed up ships and transport nutrients around the world. Marine plants also generate the majority of the world’s oxygen, and regulate climate worldwide. In conclusion, oceans are large bodies of saltwater which hold the majority of life. They also make more of the world habitable. Their currents travel the world, spurred by winds and salinity, and speed up ships and transport nutrients.
Ocean current are mainly caused by wind. Coriolis forces from the Earth’s rotation plus the landform shape the currents. It should be noted that a
…show more content…
Ocean currents can also move this heat, impacting local weather and climate condition. Weather conditions where people live are partially influenced by the surrounding land and surface features. Considering the size of ocean currents, it's no wonder that they affect the weather near the coast and farther inland to a significant degree. When ocean currents change, they modify the sea surface temperature that the atmosphere sees, which drives anomalies in winds, weather and climate across the planet. For example, every three to seven years, the sea surface temperature along the equator in the Pacific Ocean warms by as much as 2 to 3 degrees Celsius. A warm El Niño climate pattern results, which changes rainfall and weather, from flooding in California to drought in Australia. The ocean plays a vital role in Earth’s climate system, shaping weather and climate on land. The ocean can be a major cause of severe weather occurrences like floods and …show more content…
Without it, complex life like us would not be possible. This comes from tiny marine plants called phytoplankton. Like all plants, they use photosynthesis to generate energy and produce oxygen as a byproduct. There are 5,000 species of these little powerhouses at work right now! However, we don’t seem to be very grateful. We dump 8 million tons of plastic into the ocean annually. That’s just the average. In 2010, anywhere from 4.8 million to 12.7 million tons were dumped into the ocean. And that’s still just plastic. According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), approximately 1.4 billion pounds of trash enters the ocean each year. Global warming affects the ocean too. According to a 2013 report, temperatures in the shallowest waters rose by more than .1 degrees Celsius (.18 degrees Fahrenheit) each decade between 1970 and 2010. That may not sound like much, but corals are bleaching already. Coral bleaching is the starvation, shrinkage, and even death of corals that support thousands of species. Whilst oceans give us most of our oxygen, we are not repaying it properly. We dump millions of tons of toxic waste (most non biodegradable) into the ocean annually. That’s equivalent to dumping one garbage truck of plastic into the ocean every minute. Global warming makes problems worse, destroying coral reefs that support lots of wildlife. We are damaging the ocean severely, even though it gives us

Related Documents

  • Superior Essays

    The amount of oil alone is harming the ocean severely with approximately 706 millions gallons of oil waste enters the ocean every year. source --Garces? You might ask how the fertilizers are affecting the environment. When farms are being fertilized chemicals can drift off or runoff past what is being sprayed. That runoff has caused huge problems in coastal areas.…

    • 834 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Decent Essays

    14 billion pounds of garbage are dumped into the ocean each year. Pollution is very damaging it's affects our ocean,air,soil,etc. So people should start thinking about pollution more than ever. We pollute and lot of things like we pollute our ocean 70% of the oxygen we breathe is from the the ocean and the ocean is losing oxygen because of humans polluting it. We also pollute the air 38.2 billion tons of CO2 is released into the air every year.…

    • 457 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Ocean Currents Causes

    • 829 Words
    • 4 Pages

    (Zmuida, n.d) Therefore, currents can be moved by tidal patterns. As the tides rise and fall, ocean currents will be moved. As indicated by the National Oceanic and Climatic Organization, tides are produced by the gravitation between the Earth, the sun and the moon. This gravitational force influences the Earth's oceans. Currents in the oceans will happen along the tides, creating tidal currents and flows.…

    • 829 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Imagine a world devoid of color and life. Imagine a world, where the smog and air pollution consumes purity, where one is forced to wear a pollution mask. Imagine a world with heat so intense and immense that it dries up rainforests and melts the glaciers and polar icecaps, rising sea levels. Now imagine extreme flooding, the kind that washes away landscapes and demolishes homes alike. Those who live by or along the coast, no longer have a place to call home.…

    • 1553 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Essay On Co2

    • 737 Words
    • 3 Pages

    This is known as ocean acidification and with the altering of saturation states coral reefs around the world have suffered a great impact because of this. The ocean is one of the largest natural reservoirs and absorbs one third of the excess CO2 that is directly created from human activities. Coral reefs take up a small percent of the oceans but harbors millions of different species. Coral reefs also provide ecosystem goods and services to 450 million people that live near them. Research is still being done today by monitoring pH levels in the ocean, observing aragonite upwelling on continental shelves, and following CO2 emissions.…

    • 737 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Ice Caps Essay

    • 1002 Words
    • 5 Pages

    The water from the melting ice caps causes ocean levels to rise and over the years it has risen little by little inch by inch. The rising oceans causes flooding in coastal cities and factory’s displacing people from their homes and jobs. Not only is the ocean rising but marshes and coastal plains have seen an increase of water rising. Places far away from ice caps are affected by this too “In Bangladesh over one million people have been displaced due to rising rivers and seas” (Hohensee). This also affects shipping having chunks of ice in the ocean from the caps preventing ships from easily getting from one place to another.…

    • 1002 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Marine Pollution Essay

    • 1132 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Marine pollution causes many species of marine life to become endangered and extinct. Marine pollution is a deadly and destructive issue. The cause of marine pollution is when trash, typically plastics, enters the ocean resulting in problems to arise. “As far as plastic entering the ocean, about 20%…

    • 1132 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    Water Pollution All around the world, many plants, animals and people are dying because of poor water conditions. On top of that, many ecosystems, both land and aquatic are being destroyed by the dumping of toxic materials. Fresh water is already very limited in the world today without pollutants included in it. More than half the developing world does not fresh, clean water to drink. Water pollution shrinks the amount of clean drinking water for everyone.…

    • 1210 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Humans have always been the cause of the harmful chemicals that can be found in the oceans. One of the major causes of ocean trash is ocean mining, which drills for gold, copper, silver, cobalt and zinc, which are located three and a half thousand meters down in the ocean. (conserve-energy-future.com) Land runoff is another big cause, land runoff is the spreading of ocean trash by water which by melting or flooding, flows over the ground while picking up man-made harmful objects. The toxic waste of one area, such as the United States and now Asia, where industrialized development and spreading of poisonous substances have been growing a lot recently, have now become the toxic problems for the rest of the world. Pollution is one of the problems to ocean trash since it can enter the ocean directly.…

    • 851 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    The Ocean Circulation

    • 1149 Words
    • 5 Pages

    The ocean circulation can be defined like the global movement of water, which occurs in the ocean basins. These movement of water are the ocean currents, which plays an important role in the climate since store and distribute heat, microorganisms like nutrients and freshwater all over the world. Therefore, any change that modifies the ocean circulation will alter drastically the global climate. In this section it will be broadly explained the factors, which determine the ocean circulation and a classification will be presented. The ocean currents are influenced by several factor like the interaction between Earth, the sun and the moon, the wind and also by physical properties.…

    • 1149 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays