The Importance Of Objectivity In Journalism

2189 Words 9 Pages
Objectivity is a complex concept that is perhaps easier to define than it is to implement in practice. A healthy democratic society greatly depends on the quality of information available to all citizens. Journalism is a real life professional practise, yet to still determine the rules formulating roles and obligations towards the motivations and intentions of transparency and relationships, as journalism is inherently in preference and dependence on official sources, so critical to the professional purpose of journalism and even more so is the importance of active participation.

This essay argues that journalism greatly enhances the vital role in informing citizens in society, and to fulfil such role, journalists must clearly report news
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Objectivity itself is not an impossible goal within the norms of journalistic inquiry as any other professional ideal; however as to journalism being able to implement and practice it alone is the false belief in obtaining absolute objectivity, as journalistic objectivity is best understood within three philosophical areas: ontological, epistemological and procedural (Meyer, 2010, p. 138). The issue surrounding objectivity becomes the focus of journalism ethics, including the limits of the freedom of speech, accuracy, bias, fairness and conflicts of interest and the very role objectivity plays within journalism. Meadows (1998, pp. 23-24; 2001, pp. 40-52), argues the understanding of journalism as a “cultural practise” thereby objectivity is achieved throw “news judgements, reporting, applying particular linguistic and narrative techniques and interpreting information and meaning”. The defining of journalism culture is certainly complex; broadly, culture contains the many spheres in-which vales and ethics are shaped and further “national cultures” (Hofstede, 1980). Hanitzsch defined journalism culture (2007, p. 374), as maintaining, the whole original orientations of vales and products in professional work. Therefore, journalism …show more content…
442; Zelizer B, 1992, p. 340; Schudson, 2001, p.149). As Mark Deuze (2005, p. 448), argued in surrounding journalisms forms as all “media types, genres and formats” that “core values of journalism are not set in stone but instead a liquid”. The knowledge of journalism as an authority and journalists status as being profound experts, is in mediating reality, not only limited from the individual journalist’s previous knowledge, wisdom, and creativity; but it comes from the very notion of objectivity itself as the cornerstone of journalism as an ideology that is aimed for but not always achieved (Deuze, 2005, p. 442). Schultz (1998, pp. 53-55) similarly found – from a survey of journalists – that the media has often been controlled and unable to use “investigative reporting” as the idealism was lost, due to the limitations of the fourth estate, as independence and separation of the “watchdog role” and relationship between power exposed as “the media’s real agenda – commercial success and maintenance of the status quo – is revealed”.The traditional frameworks of journalism as Mark Deuze (2008, p.18 ), argues, is in need for discarding, seeing journalism’s professional faults as itself fails to the ideals and

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