Gene Regulation In Biotechnology

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Today in the 21st century our gene technology is continually developing. New projects and discoveries are being made on a daily basis. Gene technology provides humans the opportunity to improve human and animal health, to create a safer and more sustainable food resources, and generate fortune for Australia. Gene technology is “where the genetic material of living things is deliberately altered to enhance or remove a particular trait and allow the organism to perform new functions” (Environment.gov.au, 2014). The more modern biotechnology includes the discovery of genes, understanding of how genes function and interact, discovering of natural DNA markers to select for more efficient genetic modification.
We can modify genes because in every
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Scientists have found it also controls the function of the immune system. This creates critical decisions about whether to switch on the immune response to an infection or not. Gene regulation is the process which is behind the theory of this experiment. Gene regulation “is the process of turning genes on and off and ensuring that the appropriate genes are expressed at the proper times” (Genetics Home Reference, 2014). As the scientists conducting this experiment want to find an easier/more accessible treatment for infections which overpower the immune system. The use of gene regulation helps allow DNA replication through mRNA. There can be some complications with gene regulation. As a gene needs to be turned ‘on’ in the right place, at the right time, and to the right level that is needed in order to function well. To address this situation, there is a prevention for the cell to stop making the protein that the gene encodes, to repair the gene, or find a way that is aimed at blocking or eliminating the protein. The regulation of genes is becoming more abundant in the modern day, as many new experiments and trials are being undertaken using this method. One example is the switching off the Down syndrome gene that is present of chromosome 21. “The insertion of one gene can [silence] the extra copy of chromosome 21 that causes Down’s syndrome... the method could help researchers to identify the cellular pathways behind the disorder 's symptoms, and to design targeted treatments” (Mole, 2013). These technical advancements of gene regulation is just the beginning of what is to come for the medical industry. However, there are many ethical issues surrounding not only the use of gene regulation but genetic engineering as a whole topic. In which, that the most ethical view is that of a negative one because people believe that ‘we’ in a way are playing ‘playing God’. As that

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