The Effects Of Acid Rain On Aquatic Life

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The pH of something can be determined by using the specific pH scale. The scale is based off of numbers ranging from 0 to 14. The lower the number is the more acidic something will be and the higher the number is the more basic something will be. It is important to note that 7 act as the neutral number, where neither it is considered acidic of basic (5).
It is found that rain water that is unpolluted is coincides with carbon dioxide and has a pH of 5.6. Often, the pH around the world of rainwater is lower. This would make rain extremely acidic. There are two main pollutants that are responsible for acid rain and they are sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide. Because of this acid rain there are many different ways that it affects ecosystem
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Normal or good pollution levels in the air range from 0 to 50 Air Quality Index (AQI), this level will send off a green color saying it is safe. 51 to 100 AQI is considered to be moderate on the level of health concern. As the numbers on the Air Quality Index increase the risk of the pollution levels will be greater (1). Relating to water, pollution has a huge effect on the typical human and water quality. When wastes are not treated this causes major effects on aquatic life. Often than not, dead fish and other aquatic life animals are killed because of the pollutants that attack their habitat. Lead and cadmium are pollutants that are consumed by aquatic animals that often contribute to their death. Not only does pollutants affect aquatic water quality life, but ground water is also affected. The most common sources of contaminants are pesticides, sewage, nutrients, and synthetic organics. Pesticides come from rural areas like farms and even sometimes backyards. There is rainwater that is called leachate that can affect the water quality of rives and lakes when the water seeps through coal piles and are not treated. Ultimately, pollution can affect all types of water sources ranging from rivers, lakes, streams, and ponds …show more content…
In general petroleum pollutes things in many ways. Oil spills from drilling wells are the most common forms of pollution to fresh water ecosystems. If petroleum oil spills into fresh water ecosystems it can be very detrimental to aquatic life organisms. The oil spills can be spilled into the soil in the ground killing not only aquatic life plants, but also plants outside of the water. As petroleum productivity increases, solvents and most importantly gasoline can be dissolved down drains and sewers. The gasoline and oils, again, affect the aquatic life immensely. The petroleum refinery has hydrocarbons present. Coalmine refineries are what cause the big oil spills that essentially are detrimental all living organisms in fresh water ecosystems

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