The Impact Of Human Activity On The Environment Is The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment

774 Words Apr 26th, 2016 4 Pages
Scenario planning is the process of evaluating possible future events through the consideration of alternative plausible, though not equally likely, states of the world (Mahmoud, 2009). The use of this approach considers different scenarios for the unprecedented future and explores alternatives for management. One of the major global assessments that address scenario planning due to the impact of human activity on the environment is the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (“MEA”). This global ecosystem assessment has the initiative to investigate the relationship between changes in the ecosystem and the impact on human-well-being. This case study will analyze the 2004 Southern African MEA and how scenario planning is applied for Garip River, and the limitations and alternative strategies for the success of the management for the river.
The Garip River basin is a multinational river that represents one of the greatest resources of wealth for Africa. The Garip basin has been significantly modified to be utilized by irrigation on agricultural lands, urban and industrial demands, and for the use of people. This river basin supplies water demand of 40% of the South African population (Bohensky, 2006). In fact, Africa’s major cereal production relies on the water supply of this river. Consequently, the importance on adequate allocation of demand and adaptive water management for Garip River is essential for the development of Southern Africa.
Water demand management has been…

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