The Human Immunodeficiency Virus ( Aids ) Essay

1713 Words Dec 1st, 2015 null Page
The UNAIDS organization (2006) reports 33.4 to 46.0 million people are currently diagnosed with acquired immune-deficiency syndrome (AIDS) worldwide with 4.1 million being new diagnoses. The sexual transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) which causes AIDS can be traced to multiple behavioral risk factors including impulsive sexual behaviors (Sohn & Choi, 2003). The Korean culture has experienced an increase in the percentage of men who have had sexual intercourse with someone other than their partners or wives with the majority of them having had intercourse with sex workers (Choi, Sohn, Kwoen, Lee, & Choi, 2002). Sexual intercourse with non-regular partners has been suggested to be the prominent route for HIV/AIDS transmission (KCDC, 2007). Less than 15% of Korean adults use condoms when having sexual intercourse with sex workers (Kwon et al., 2008). The lack of condom use is considered the key factor for the spread of STDs and HIV as well (Park, Lim, & Han, 2003). The Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) will be used to identify risk factors associated with the lack of condom use in this population thus leading to increased rates of HIV/AIDS infections. The Transtheoretical Model (TTM) will then show the value of utilizing previously identified risk factors to apply stage-matched interventions to affect long-lasting behavior change.

The Theory of Planned Behavior is utilized by Jeong, Jo, Jung, & Lee to identify factors associated with condom use behavior…

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