Essay on The Human Genome Project

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The human genome can be described as a set of genetic instructions also known as an organism’s set of DNA, which allow a human being to grow and develop. There are approximately more than 3 billion DNA pairs within an entire genome, containing millions of cells, which all carry various instructions. Inside of our DNA, there is a unique chemical code, which determines our growth, development, and health. This specific code is derived by four nucleotide bases that conform the DNA. These are called, adenine, cytosine, guanine, and thymine and are often represented as A, C, G, and T. In 1990, the Human Genome Project was conducted by the National Institutes of Health, and the US Department of Energy. This project allowed the understanding of the human genome sequence composition, and the functions of genes. This knowledge completely revolutionised the fields of medicine, as treatments for genetic disorders have been developed overtime. However, the appliance of gene therapy has raised various concerns in both social and ethical perspectives.

Gene therapy is considered an experimental technique that is still development. It mainly focuses on treating genetic diseases, as well as preventing other sorts of diseases. Although it is still unsure wether gene therapy will be successful, and what sort of risks or safety issues it may regard, researchers have brought up multiple approaches to gene therapy which rely on, the replacement of a mutated gene with a healthy one, the…

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