Essay on The Human Characteristics Of The Beasts

1289 Words Nov 19th, 2016 6 Pages
Daniel utilizes a new introductory formula in this verse to focus the attention of the reader to the climax of the visions of the beasts. From this group of ten horns, comes up “another horn, a little one” which displaced three other horns. This little horn had “eyes like the eyes of a man, and a mouth speaking great things.” Nothing specifically is said about the nature of what is being said, however, within the Bible’s wisdom literature, through the eyes or speech of a person, their character is revealed (Prov. 6:16-19). The human characteristics of the single horn imply representation of an individual in history, rather than an entire empire. John J. Collins, who attributes the fourth beast to the Greek empire argues that this individual represents Antiochus Epiphanes and the persecution of the Jews in 167 BC. He can think of no Greek king who inspired more hatred than Epiphanes, believing the horn speaking great things is referenced in 1 Maccabees 1:24 which says that he “spoke with great arrogance.” Epiphanes was known to have suppressed the Jewish religious festivals (2 Macc. 6:6), suppress the Torah (1 Macc. 1:41-64; cf. Dan. 7:25) as well as persecute and desecrate the temple in 167 BC.
A Throne Scene (7:9-10b)
Throne visions are common in both prophetic and apocalyptic writings (Isa. 6; Ezek. 1; 1 Kings 22); frequently these visions include otherworldly journeys towards heavenly thrones. Daniel 7:9 marks an abrupt visionary transition, the reader progresses…

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