The Holy Land: The Crusades

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The crusaders went to the Holy Land many times. There were eight major Crusades, all of them were a failure except the very first one. The crusaders wanted to take back the Holy Land from the Muslims. The Crusades were a curious mix of God and warfare, two of the chief concerns of the Middle Ages (pg 289). The Crusades were based on the idea of a holy war against the infidels or unbelievers (pg 291). The Pope convinced a lot of people to go to the Holy Land to fight for it back. The crusader accomplished some things from going to the Holy Land, even though they only won one battle. Also, why did the crusaders continuously lose battles in attempt of taking the Holy Land back?

Pope Urban II was the one to convince people to go to the Holy
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In the Second Crusade, the Seljuk Turks fought back and took down Edessa. The two leaders set out to take the Holy Land back though, were not successful. In the Third Crusade, it was just bad luck for the three powerful monarchs that set out to take it back. In the Fourth Crusade, the crusaders decided to attack Constantinople instead of going to the Holy Land. The next crusade was called the Children’s Crusade. The pope denied them and told them to go home. In the Fifth Crusade, they failed, ending papal leadership of the western crusaders. In the Sixth Crusade, Frederick II lead it. It took place with no papal support. The Holy City was taken back but was lost when Frederick left (296). The Seventh and Eighth Crusades were both failures and were poorly organized by the king of France, Louis IX (Spielvogel, 296).
The Crusades were in attempt of taking the Holy Land back. It was a failure, with many casualties. They did manage to retake the Holy Land once, but soon loss it to the Seljuk Turks. The crusaders went on the Crusades because it was an opportunity to gain territory, riches, status, possibly a title, and to have an adventure. Even though they never reached their main goal, they did accomplish some achievements along the

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