Essay on The Growing Issue Of Obesity

1130 Words Nov 14th, 2016 5 Pages
The growing issue of obesity in dogs and cats Most communities in the United States do not have an exact data on the numbers of pet owned in each household, but the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA), estimate that 144 to176 million pets are owned in the United States.1 There are various requirements and needs to consider when bringing a pet home, for instance, if the house is pet-friendly, the time it takes to train your pet, spaying and neutering, cleaning, taking them to the vet, and importantly and one the most neglected is their nutrition. Nutrition plays a key role in the development of many chronic diseases, the quality of life, and life expectative of our pets, therefore it is important for owners to properly understand the nutritional role and needs for their pets. The most common nutrition disorder in pets encounters by veterinarians is obesity.2-3 It is estimated to affect approximately 25% to 44% of dogs and cats in Western countries.2 Obesity is defined as an accumulation and the excess of adipose tissue in the body, and it develops when energy intake exceeds daily energy expenditure as well as environmental and social factors.1 Genetic factors such as breed and physiologic factors such as neutering have been associated with increasing the risk of obesity.2-3 Biological biomarkers help to measure and characterized substance that could indicate the presence or developing of a disease. In humans, biomarkers such cholesterol and triglycerides that are…

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