The Importance Of The Ebola Virus

2211 Words 9 Pages
A disease outbreak is the occurrence of cases of a disease in excess of what would normally be expected in a defined community or geographical area. The Ebola virus was first discovered in 1976 during the outbreaks in Sudan. Since then there have been an additional ten outbreaks of the virus worldwide. As of 2014, The West African Ebola outbreak was the largest and deadliest recorded in history, killing over 11,000 people. The Global Health Security Agenda (GHSA) is responsible for the global urgent call response. The troubling question is, at what extent will GHSA respond to aid a disease epidemic? Many lives could have been saved in West Africa if there was an urgent response to the virus outbreak.
The Ebola virus disease (EVD) first started
…show more content…
Steps and protocols have been set into place to reduce the chance of accidental exposure to the virus. The key to controlling the Ebola virus outbreak are: actively identifying and isolating patients who potentially have the virus from the community to prevent a possible virus spread; reporting new cases daily; determining relatives of the infected patients or the deceased; tracking contacts for the entire 21 day incubation period; investigations of current cases to document all data and follow the chain of virus transmission; pinpointing deaths in the community while confirming safe burial practices to prevent the transmission of the virus. Health-care workers were trained on safe infection-control practices and appropriate use of personal protective equipment (PPE). It is imperative to properly protect themselves and their patients because health-care personal has played an associated role in transmission of a virus in outbreaks …show more content…
The average amount of time spent in a hospital was no shorter with health care professionals, who is exposed to the virus and risk acquiring it and transmitting it to individuals that they come into contact with. The average amount of time spent staying in a hospital was roughly a week. Meaning, that the number of beds that are needed to treat Ebola virus patients roughly equates out to the rising amount of cases incidents that were rising weekly. Approximately 995 patients were confirmed, probable, or suspected of infection were not all able to be hospitalized because of the lack of hospital rooms that were available. The capacity in Guinea, Sierra Leone, and Liberia hospitals only had a total of 610 beds combined for these types of patients. Data has been collected for analysis by many field teams to provide a better opportunity to understand the Ebola virus epidemic.
It is more than likely that many cases do not get reported because there is often incomplete information in case records. Therefore, it has been recognized that the information is collected in extreme conditions. The top priorities are considered to be the following: caring for the patients, tracing the contacts of the infected, and separating the infected from their community limiting possible transmission of the disease. Despite the accuracy and the uncertainties of the data collected,

Related Documents