Hs311 Unit 1 Assignment

934 Words 4 Pages
2014 Ebola Epidemic in Guinea and the United States
Amy Riddell
Kaplan University
HS311 Unit:1 Assignment
Professor Daniel Gilmore
November 16, 2015 Ebola, previously known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever, is an exceptional and fatal disease caused by an infection with one of the Ebola virus strands that claimed an estimated 2,482 lives in Guinea, Africa alone in 2014 (Johnston, 2015). It made its first recorded appearance in 1976 near the Ebola River, which is now known as the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The symptoms, similar to the well-known flu, consists of fever, severe headache, body aches, loss of physical strength, lethargy, diarrhea, vomiting, stomach pain, and unexplained hemorrhaging. These symptoms can appear anywhere from
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Guinea, a country located in Africa with a population of 11,474,000 people, accounted for 3,729 infection cases and 2,482 fatal cases during 2014. Meanwhile, the United States, with a recorded population of 318,900,000 people in 2014, had a total of 4 reported Ebola infection cases and only 1 Ebola fatality (Johnston, 2015). Guinea’s 2014 crude death rate was 9.69 per 1,000 population and, with a birth rate of 36.02 per 1,000 population, the infant mortality rate was an astonishing 55.24 per 1,000 live births. The United States’ 2014 crude death rate calculates to 8.15 per 1,000 population and, with a birth rate of 13.42 per 1,000 population, the infant mortality rate stood at 6.17 per 1,000 live births (Demography & Population, 2015). With only 1 Ebola fatality, the United States’ incident rate calculates to .3 per 1,000,000 person-years during January 1, 2014 and July 1, 2014 compared to Guinea’s Ebola incident rate at 3.6 per 100,000 person-years during January 1, 2014 and July 1, 2014 (Ebola Data and Statistics, …show more content…
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