The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act Essay

1178 Words Oct 19th, 2016 5 Pages
The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) and Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court (FISC) epitomizes contemporary conflict in our judicial system.
Background of Social Conflict FISC was originally established by Congress as a special court in 1978, and then revolutionized in 2001, however, it only recently became relevant to the general public after “whistleblowing” Edward Snowden exposed the seemingly underground system to American Society in 2015. Even then it, arguably, has not yet received the recognition it well deserves. The provisions of FISC were established through the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1783. FISA “ required the government, before it commenced certain kinds of intelligence gathering operations within the United States, to obtain a judicial warrant similar to that required in criminal investigations.” (Federal Judicial Center, 2016) The legislation was passed in response to a report that had been filed by the Senate Select Committee to Study Governmental Operations with Respect to Intelligence Activities, which is also known as “The Church Committee.” Their report alleged that the executive branch had been acting with unrestricted power and control. The report further explained that the executive branch was abusing their power by conducting domestic electronic surveillance in order to safeguard national security. In relation to this report, in 1972 the Supreme Court offered advice that under the Fourth Amendment, some kind of…

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